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BACKGROUND Although several previous studies have been conducted, the neural basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to determine whether individuals with ASD have altered brain chemical metabolites and whether such alterations are related to their autistic symptoms. METHODS N-acetylaspartate(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to investigate the usefulness of proton (1H) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy to evaluate the response of metastatic brain tumors to stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in comparison with Gd-enhanced MR imaging and single-photon emission computerized tomography with administration of thallium-201 chloride (201TlCl-SPECT).(More)
OBJECT The authors of previous studies based on diffusion tensor imaging have indicated that there are two types of peritumoral edema-namely, edema with preserved structural integrity of the glial matrix and edema with compromised glial matrix. The authors of this study hypothesized that functionality of the glutamate (Glu)-glutamine shuttle, a vital(More)
A transient (lasting for 15 min) bilateral carotid artery occlusion model was created by using male Mongolian gerbils ( n=20, weight 50-60 g). The animals were divided into a group with mild hypothermia (34 degrees C, n=10) and a normothermic group (37 degrees C, n=10). High-energy phosphate metabolism (ATP, PCr, Pi) and intracellular pH were sequentially(More)
BACKGROUND There have been some reports that radiation necrosis can be controlled conservatively. There are rare cases showing progressive space-occupying radiation necrosis (PSORN). It is very difficult to control PSORN by conservative treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early diagnosis of those cases and the timing of surgery for(More)
A 51-year-old female presented with a rare case of choroid plexus papilloma originating in the sella turcica manifesting as headaches that was not readily distinguishable preoperatively from pituitary adenoma. Head magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tumor extending from the sella turcica to the suprasellar cistern. The tumor was removed via an endonasal(More)
BACKGROUND We showed that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and lumboperitoneal (LP) shunt surgeries are beneficial for patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in the Study of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus on Neurological Improvement (SINPHONI; a multicenter prospective cohort study) and in SINPHONI-2 (a multicenter randomized(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aim was to assess the influence of presurgical clinical symptom severity and disease duration on outcomes of shunt surgery in patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The authors also evaluated the cerebrospinal fluid tap test as a predictor of improvements following shunt surgery. METHODS Eighty-three patients (45(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The optimal use of antiplatelet therapy for intracranial branch atheromatous disease (BAD) is not known. METHODS We conducted a prospective multicenter, single-group trial of 144 consecutive patients diagnosed with probable BAD. All patients were treated within 12 h of symptom onset to prevent clinical progression using dual(More)