BACKGROUND In the treatment of type B acute aortic dissection without complications, better results are obtained if surgery is performed before enlargement of the aorta in patients who are predicted to show aortic enlargement and if drug-based treatment is continued for patients who are predicted to show no enlargement. The purpose of this study was to… (More)
Although associations of a variety of developmental abnormalities of the brain and the spinal cord with neurofibromatosis have been reported, association of a cerebral arachnoid cyst with neurofibromatosis is extremely rare. We report the second case of this association in an 8-year-old Japanese boy.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated plasma levels of D-dimer products of crosslinked fibrin degradation products, thrombin-antithrombin III complex, and plasmin-alpha 2-antiplasmin complex for detecting coagulation system activation in ischemic stroke patients to determine the possible effect of age on these marker levels. METHODS We measured plasma… (More)
BACKGROUND Although several echo-Doppler methods were proposed to optimize atrioventricular (AV) delay in patients with sequential ventricular pacing, "echo-guided" AV optimization has not been widely adopted clinically. A combination of trasmitral flow (TMF) and pulmonary venous flow (PVF) measurements may be beneficial to further optimize AV delay to… (More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the energy loss index (ELI) has been proposed as a new functional index to assess the severity of aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the ELI on left ventricular mass (LVM) regression in patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with mechanical valves. METHODS A total of 30 patients with… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Knowing the normal imaging appearance of the pituitary stalk is important for the diagnosis of pituitary infundibular lesions, and more accurate assessment of the stalk may be possible at 3T than at 1.5T. Our purpose was to evaluate the normal pituitary stalk by use of high-resolution MR imaging at 3T. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal… (More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the degree of change in left ventricular mass index (LVMI) regression after aortic valve replacement (AVR) using three different valves. METHODS Group 1 (n=17) included patients with bioprosthesis (Medtronic Hancock 2), Group 2 (n=21) included patients with mono-leaflet mechanical valve (Medtronic Hall), and Group 3… (More)