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The role of angiotensin II (Ang II) in the control of systemic blood pressure and volume homeostasis is well known and has been extensively studied. Recently, Ang II was suggested to also have a function in skin wound healing. In the present study, the in vivo function of Ang II in skin wound healing was investigated using Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R)(More)
Endothelin, a novel peptide isolated from the conditioned medium of endothelial cells, causes a slow, sustained contraction of vascular smooth muscle, but its mechanism of action remains unclear. To determine whether the diacylglycerol/protein kinase C signalling pathway is stimulated by endothelin, we exposed cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells to(More)
To investigate the role of vasoconstrictor hormones in vascular smooth muscle cell growth we have studied the effects of the potent vasoconstrictor angiotensin II on cell growth in a cultured rat aortic cell model. Angiotensin II was not mitogenic for these cells, as assessed by determining cell number, nor was it synergistic in this regard with 10% calf(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulation of vascular smooth muscle results in a myriad of intracellular signals that interact to produce the final physiologic response of the cell. One of the earliest documented events following incubation of these cells with Ang II is the rapid, phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate to(More)
Vasoconstrictors such as angiotensin II (Ang II) play an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. These agonists may be responsible for the abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth seen in hypertension, either indirectly as a consequence of elevating blood pressure or directly as a result of receptor-mediated effects on VSMC growth. To(More)
Activation of vascular smooth muscle by angiotensin II results in the phospholipase C-mediated generation of two second messengers, inositol trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DG). IP3 is responsible for mobilizing calcium from endoplasmic reticulum whereas DG activates protein kinase C and ultimately Na+/H+ exchange, leading to intracellular(More)
Intermediate filaments have been proposed, via phosphorylation by protein kinase C, to be involved in sustained contraction of smooth muscle. We examined the effect of angiotensin II on the phosphorylation of the intermediate filament protein, vimentin, in cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. Angiotensin II induced phosphorylation of a Triton(More)
BACKGROUND thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC)/CCL17 is a CC chemokine that selectively attracts Th2-type lymphocytes. Immunohistochemical analyses have revealed that TARC is expressed in the epidermal keratinocytes of atopic dermatitis (AD), suggesting TARC involvement in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, keratinocyte TARC production(More)
1. Activation of vascular smooth muscle by angiotensin II results in the generation of two second messengers, inositol trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DG). 2. IP3 is responsible for mobilizing calcium from endoplasmic reticulum. This signal is transient, most likely serving to initiate calcium events leading to contraction, and is attenuated by(More)
In cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, angiotensin II and endothelin stimulate a variety of intracellular signals, including generation of inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol, mobilization of intracellular calcium, and activation of protein kinase C. These latter two events have been shown to mediate the phosphorylation of numerous proteins, but(More)