Teruko Ishizaka

Learn More
The distribution of surface IgE on human basophils was studied using fluorescence microscopy and immunoferritin electronmicroscopy. Redistribution of the IgE was dose, time and temperature dependent and required divalent anti-IgE. Cells which can release histamine in vitro were indistinguishable in these respects from cells which cannot. The redistribution(More)
The mechanism of piecemeal degranulation by human eosinophils was investigated. Mature eosinophils that developed in rhIL-5-containing conditioned media from cultured human cord blood mononuclear cells were prepared for ultrastructural studies using a combined technique to image eosinophil peroxidase by cytochemistry in the same sections on which(More)
Purified human C3a and synthetic COOH-terminal peptides of C3a, i.e., a pentapeptide, Leu-Gly-Leu-Ala-Arg (5R), and an octapeptide, Ala-Ala-Ala-Leu-Gly-Leu-Ala-Arg (8R) induced histamine release from human basophil granulocytes. On a molar basis, 5R was one-tenth and 8R was one-fifth as active as C3a in causing histamine release. It was found that 125I-C3a(More)
Human cord blood mononuclear cells were cultured for 35 days in media containing recombinant human interleukin 5 (rhIL-5) supplemented with a fraction of the culture supernatant of phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated human T lymphocytes from which interleukin 2 (IL-2) was eliminated. Cultured cells were studied by electron microscopy and an immunogold(More)
Pretreatment of rat peritoneal mast cells, human basophils, bone marrow-derived mouse mast cells (BMMC) and mouse mast cell line PT-18 cells with 1 microgram/ml pertussis toxin (PT) failed to inhibit immunoglobulin E (IgE)-dependent histamine release from the cells. In BMMC and PT-18 cells, even 20-hr incubation of the cells with 1 microgram/ml PT, which(More)
Mast cells were isolated from human lung tissues by counter current centrifugation elutriation, followed by flotation through Percoll gradients. Purified human mast cells released histamine upon challenge with anti-IgE. An optimal concentration of anti-IgE for maximum histamine release from human lung mast cells was comparable to that required for histamine(More)
Cloned mouse mast cells resemble, by ultrastructure, immature mast cells observed in vivo. These mast cell clones can be grown in the absence of any other cells, facilitating direct investigations of their biochemistry and function. We find that cloned mast cells express plasma membrane receptors (Fc epsilon R) that bind mouse IgE with an equilibrium(More)