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The latent production of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors from tartary buckwheat (BW) was investigated, and the peptides responsible for ACE inhibition characterized. Intact buckwheat was found to exhibit ACE inhibitory activity having an IC50 value of 3.0 mg/ml. The activity of the protein fraction (IC50: 0.36 mg protein/ml) was not(More)
1. Intact absorption of the bioactive dipeptide Val-Tyr (VY), with in vivo antihypertensive ability in normotensive human subjects, was investigated. 2. As a result of a single oral administration of VY, the VY absorption curve occurred maximally over the second hour postprandially; a greater than 10-fold higher increment of VY following a dose of 12 mg was(More)
The distribution of an antihypertensive dipeptide, Val-Tyr (VY), in the tissues of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was investigated in this study. A single oral administration of VY (10 mg/kg) to 18-week-old SHR resulted in a prolonged reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP) up to 9 h (SBP0h 198.0+/-3.6 mmHg; SBP9h 154.6+/-3.5 mmHg). As a result of(More)
1. In the present study, the depressor action of the dipeptide Val-Tyr, with an in vivo antihypertensive effect, was investigated in transgenic mice carrying the human renin gene cross-mated with mice bearing the human angiotensinogen gene (Tsukuba Hypertensive Mouse; THM). 2. Single oral administration of Val-Tyr (0.1 mg/g) to 11-week-old THM resulted in a(More)
A rising prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose/glycaemia (IFG) was recently reported in the urban areas of Nepal by Singh and Bhattarai [D.L. Singh, M.D. Bhattarai, High prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glycaemia in urban Nepal, Diabet. Med. 20 (2003) 170-171] in the first population-based study based on the revised(More)
We investigated the mechanism of the antihypertensive effect of less-sodium soy sauce containing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). When SHRs were given a diet with less-sodium soy sauce containing GABA (GABA-rich soy sauce group) for 6 weeks, the systolic blood pressure decreased as compared with that in rats fed(More)
Information regarding daily intake of sodium (Na) is useful for both normotensive and hypertensive subjects. We measured urinary excretion of sodium (U-Na) and urinary excretion of potassium (U-K) to estimate daily salt intake in a cohort of health screening subjects in Okinawa, Japan. Urine samples were obtained from 2,411 subjects (1,554 men and 857(More)
Estimation of salt intake by cumbersome 24-h urine collection is not suitable for individual patients because of substantial daily variation in intake. We developed the second morning urine (SMU) method for monitoring daily salt intake in healthy subjects by calculating the daily creatinine excretion and measuring the ratio of sodium to creatinine in the(More)
The change in plasma level of dipeptide, Val-Tyr (VY), with in vitro angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity was investigated after a single oral administration of a VY-drink at doses of 0, 6 or 12 mg given to mild hypertensive subjects. During this protocol for up to 24 h after the intake, patient/subject blood pressure (BP) was measured for a(More)
A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study was conducted on 63 subjects to determine the antihypertensive effect of a vegetable drink in which sardine protein hydrolysates containing a dipeptide, Valyl-Tyrosine (VY), were incorporated. The subjects, consisting of people with mild hypertension, high-normal blood pressure and normal blood pressure,(More)