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We have investigated the function of the synaptic vesicle protein Rabphilin-3A in neurotransmitter release at the squid giant synapse. Presynaptic microinjection of recombinant Rabphilin-3A reversibly inhibited the exocytotic release of neurotransmitter. Injection of fragments of Rabphilin-3A indicate that at least two distinct regions of the protein(More)
BACKGROUND Rho and its effector Rho-kinase/ROCK mediate cytoskeletal reorganization as well as smooth muscle contraction. Recent studies indicate that Rho and ROCK are critically involved in vascular remodeling. Here, we tested the hypothesis that Rho/ROCK are critically involved in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced migration of vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in cardiovascular diseases. ROS, such as H2O2, act as second messengers to activate diverse signaling pathways. Although H2O2 activates several tyrosine kinases, including the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, JAK2, and PYK2, in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), the intracellular mechanism by which ROS(More)
Endothelial cell spreading, migration, and morphogenesis are essential for angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels. In the present study, we explored roles of tyrosine kinase Pyk2 in angiogenesis of pulmonary endothelial cells. We found that tyrosine kinase Pyk2 was particularly enriched in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells and lung, a major(More)
Fibulin-2 (FBLN2) has been identified as a candidate tumor-suppressor gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Originally identified through a chromosome 3 NotI genomic microarray screen, it shows frequent deletion or methylation in NPC. FBLN2 is located on chromosome 3p25.1 and is associated with tumor development through its important interactions with the(More)
CAKbeta (cell adhesion kinase beta)/PYK2 (proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2) is the second protein-tyrosine kinase of the FAK (focal adhesion kinase) subfamily. It is different from FAK in that it is activated following an increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+. In the present study we have investigated how Ca2+ activates CAKbeta/PYK2. Calmodulin-agarose bound(More)
Cell adhesion kinase beta (CAKbeta/PYK2) is a protein-tyrosine kinase of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) family. Whereas FAK predominantly localizes at focal adhesions, CAK beta localizes at the perinuclear region in fibroblasts. Here we expressed in cultured cells two point mutants of CAKbeta, P717A and P859A, each of which had lost one of its two PXXP(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor agonists including endothelin-1 (ET-1) and phenylephrine (PE) induce hypertrophy in neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes. Others and we previously reported that Rac1 signaling pathway plays an important role in this agonist-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In this study reported here, we found that a Ca(2+)-sensitive non-receptor(More)
In vascular smooth muscle cells, angiotensin II (AngII) stimulates association of its G protein-coupled AngII type 1 (AT(1)) receptor with Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), resulting in the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription proteins. Although the association and activation of subsequent signal transducer and activator of transcription(More)