Teruhito Mochizuki

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Orexin neurons are exclusively localized in the lateral hypothalamic area and project their fibers to the entire central nervous system, including the histaminergic tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN). Dysfunction of the orexin system results in the sleep disorder narcolepsy, but the role of orexin in physiological sleep-wake regulation and the mechanisms(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that adenosine may be an endogenous somnogen, yet the mechanism through which it promotes sleep is unknown. Adenosine may act via A1 receptors to promote sleep, but an A2a receptor antagonist can block the sleep induced by prostaglandin D(2). We previously reported that prostaglandin D(2) activates sleep-promoting neurons of(More)
The mutual phylogenetic relationships of dermatophytes of the genera Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton were demonstrated by using internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region ribosomal DNA sequences. Trichophyton spp. and Microsporum spp. form a cluster in the phylogenetic tree with Epidermophyton floccosum as an outgroup, and within this(More)
BACKGROUND In the treatment of type B acute aortic dissection without complications, better results are obtained if surgery is performed before enlargement of the aorta in patients who are predicted to show aortic enlargement and if drug-based treatment is continued for patients who are predicted to show no enlargement. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Orexin-producing neurons are clearly essential for the regulation of wakefulness and sleep because loss of these cells produces narcolepsy. However, little is understood about how these neurons dynamically interact with other wake- and sleep-regulatory nuclei to control behavioral states. Using survival analysis of wake bouts in wild-type and orexin(More)
PURPOSE To identify patient characteristics and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings associated with subsequent hypervascularization in hypovascular nodules that show hypointensity on hepatobiliary phase gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR images in patients with chronic liver diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We generated regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) studies from dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MR images after an intravenous bolus injection of contrast agent (perfusion-weighted imaging [PWI]) by applying indicator dilution theory. We used a multishot echo-planar imaging (EPI)(More)
Using internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) region ribosomal DNA sequences from 37 stock strains and clinical isolates provisionally termed Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex in Japan, we demonstrated the mutual phylogenetic relationships of these strains. Members of this complex were classified into 3 ITS1-homologous groups and 13 ITS1-identical groups by(More)
Recent developments in imaging technology have enabled CT and MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) to provide minimally invasive alternatives to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for the pre- and post-operative assessment of biliary disease. This article describes anatomical variants of the biliary tree with surgical significance, followed by(More)
We previously reported a conserved haplotype of HLA B52-DR2 and a significantly high frequency of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) transmembrane-short tandem repeat (TM-STR) 6 allele in Japanese patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). To examine the predominance of the MICA TM-STR 6 allele as a marker of the(More)