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A new gene, termed klotho, has been identified that is involved in the suppression of several ageing phenotypes. A defect in klotho gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome that resembles human ageing, including a short lifespan, infertility, arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis and emphysema. The gene encodes a membrane protein that(More)
We determined whether the presence of phosphatidylserine (PS) in the outer membrane leaflet of human tumor cells correlated with their recognition by activated human monocytes. Three tumorigenic cell lines, A375 melanoma and A431 and Colo-16 carcinomas, and a normal human epidermal keratinocyte line (NHEK) were incubated with monocytes activated to the(More)
A decline in oxygen concentration perturbs endothelial function, which promotes local thrombosis. In this study, we determined whether hypoxia in the range of that observed in pathophysiological hypoxic states stimulates plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) production in bovine aortic endothelial cells. PAI-1 production, measured by ELISA, was(More)
Normal human alveolar macrophages (AM) significantly and reproducibly suppress induction of IL 2-activated killer (LAK) cell activity against allogeneic Burkitt's lymphoma (Daudi) cells. Incubation of purified peripheral blood lymphocytes for 4 days with autologous AM and 1 U/ml of IL 2 resulted in AM-mediated suppression of LAK activity, whereas peripheral(More)
Many pharmaceutical companies worldwide specialize in oncology drug development and marketing. Among them, we have continued to take up the challenge of understanding the metabolism of pyrimidines as essential components of deoxyribonucleic acid for many years, and have provided unique products such as UFT(®) and TS-1 for cancer patients. Using our(More)
A combination of tumor necrosis factor (INI) and the topoisomerase I inhibitor, camptothecin, or the topoisomerase II inhibitors, teniposide and amsacrine, produced dose-dependent synergistic cytotoxicity against the murine L929 fibrosarcoma cells. Similar synergy was not observed with a combination of TNF and bleomycin. To define the role of TNF in the(More)
Since 1996, a hybrid experiment consisting of the emulsion chamber and burst detector array and the Tibet-II air-shower array has been operated at Yangbajing (4300 m above sea level, 606 g/cm 2) in Tibet. This experiment can detect air-shower cores, called as burst events, accompanied by air showers in excess of about 100 TeV. We observed about 4300 burst(More)
The mechanism of augmentation of tumor cell killing by immune effector cells and chemotherapeutic drugs was studied. The effect of treating tumor cells with various antineoplastic drugs on their sensitivity to murine natural cell-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro was investigated. Pretreatment with actinomycin D at nontoxic concentrations rendered L929 and(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is a highly conserved molecular chaperone that interacts with various client proteins in eukaryotic cells 1 : Akt (PI3K/Akt pathway), IL-6R (JAK/ STAT pathway), Bcr-Abl (RAS/ERK pathway), CDK4, 6, 9 (cell cycling), and IκB kinases (NF-κB pathway). 2 The expression of HSP90 is upregulated (2-to 10-fold) in tumor cells compared(More)