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A novel quinoline derivative, TAS-103 (6-[[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amino]-3-hydroxy-7H-indeno[2,1-c]quinolin -7-one dihydrochloride), was developed as an anticancer agent targeting topoisomerases (topo) I and II, with marked efficacy in solid tumors. TAS-103 inhibited topo I and II (IC50: 2 microM, 6.5 microM) at a concentration similar to or lower than(More)
TAS-103 is a novel anticancer drug that kills cells by increasing levels of DNA cleavage mediated by topoisomerase II. While most drugs that stimulate topoisomerase II-mediated DNA scission (i.e., topoisomerase II poisons) also inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme, they typically do so only at concentrations above the clinical range. TAS-103 is(More)
Many pharmaceutical companies worldwide specialize in oncology drug development and marketing. Among them, we have continued to take up the challenge of understanding the metabolism of pyrimidines as essential components of deoxyribonucleic acid for many years, and have provided unique products such as UFT(®) and TS-1 for cancer patients. Using our(More)
The PI3K/Akt pathway plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) in the bone marrow (BM) milieu. However, efficacy of selective and potent Akt inhibition has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, we, therefore, examined the biologic impact of selective and potent Akt inhibition by a novel allosteric inhibitor TAS-117. TAS-117(More)
The effects of lung cancer on the abilities of blood monocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to mediate antitumor activity were examined. The functional integrity of blood monocytes was determined by their capacity to respond in vitro to a variety of activating agents and become tumoricidal, as assessed by a radioactive release assay and ability to produce(More)
TAS-103 is a novel antineoplastic agent that is active against in vivo tumor models [Utsugi, T., et al. (1997) Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 88, 992-1002]. This drug is believed to be a dual topoisomerase I/II-targeted agent, because it enhances both topoisomerase I- and topoisomerase II-mediated DNA cleavage in treated cells. However, the relative importance of(More)
The tumor microenvironment is crucial to the progression of various malignancies. Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), which originates from the pleura, grows aggressively in the thoracic cavity. Here we describe an orthotopic implantation SCID mouse model of MPM and demonstrate that α-SMA-positive fibroblast-like cells accumulate in the tumors produced by(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a multifunctional molecular switch involved in establishment of cell morphogenesis. We systematically characterized isolated temperature-sensitive mutations in the RHO1 gene and identified two groups of rho1 mutations (rho1A and rho1B) possessing distinct functional defects. Biochemical and cytological analyses demonstrated that(More)
TOP-53 is a promising anticancer agent that displays high activity against non-small cell lung cancer in animal tumor models [Utsugi, T., et al. (1996) Cancer Res. 56, 2809-2814]. Compared to its parent compound, etoposide, TOP-53 is considerably more toxic to non-small cell lung cancer cells, is more active at generating chromosomal breaks, and displays(More)