Teruhiro Utsugi

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A novel quinoline derivative, TAS-103 (6-[[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amino]-3-hydroxy-7H-indeno[2,1-c]quinolin -7-one dihydrochloride), was developed as an anticancer agent targeting topoisomerases (topo) I and II, with marked efficacy in solid tumors. TAS-103 inhibited topo I and II (IC50: 2 microM, 6.5 microM) at a concentration similar to or lower than(More)
TAS-103 is a novel anticancer drug that kills cells by increasing levels of DNA cleavage mediated by topoisomerase II. While most drugs that stimulate topoisomerase II-mediated DNA scission (i.e., topoisomerase II poisons) also inhibit the catalytic activity of the enzyme, they typically do so only at concentrations above the clinical range. TAS-103 is(More)
TAS-103 is a novel antineoplastic agent that is active against in vivo tumor models [Utsugi, T., et al. (1997) Jpn. J. Cancer Res. 88, 992-1002]. This drug is believed to be a dual topoisomerase I/II-targeted agent, because it enhances both topoisomerase I- and topoisomerase II-mediated DNA cleavage in treated cells. However, the relative importance of(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a multifunctional molecular switch involved in establishment of cell morphogenesis. We systematically characterized isolated temperature-sensitive mutations in the RHO1 gene and identified two groups of rho1 mutations (rho1A and rho1B) possessing distinct functional defects. Biochemical and cytological analyses demonstrated that(More)
We synthesized a potent new antitumor podophyllotoxin derivative (4beta-aminoalkyl-4'-O-demethyl-4-desoxypodophyllotoxin; TOP-53) in our search for a drug that has strong activity against lung cancer and lung metastatic cancer. TOP-53 exhibited twice the inhibitory activity of etoposide (VP-16) against topoisomerase II and induced DNA strand breaks but(More)
Studies were performed on the activation of human blood monocytes to the antitumor state by a dried preparation of multilamellar vesicle (MLV) liposomes in which synthetic muramyl tripeptide phosphatidylethanolamine (MTP-PE) was inserted directly into the liposome membrane. Dried liposomes composed of synthetic phospholipids [phosphatidylcholine (PC) and(More)
Many pharmaceutical companies worldwide specialize in oncology drug development and marketing. Among them, we have continued to take up the challenge of understanding the metabolism of pyrimidines as essential components of deoxyribonucleic acid for many years, and have provided unique products such as UFT(®) and TS-1 for cancer patients. Using our(More)
6-2-(Dimethylamino)ethylămino-3-hydroxy-7H-indeno2, 1-cquinolin-7-one dihydrochloride (TAS-103) is a novel anticancer agent that was developed to target both topoisomerase (Topo) I and Topo II. To elucidate its mechanism of action, we have established and characterized TAS-103-resistant cells, derived from mouse leukemia (P388), human colon cancer (DLD-1),(More)
BACKGROUND We examined the efficacy against pulmonary metastasis of various antitumor agents administered after excision of the primary lesion, which was induced by injection of RENCA murine renal cancer cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS RENCA cells were implanted into the left kidney of the mice. Nephrectomy of the left kidney bearing the resulting primary(More)
The effects of lung cancer on the abilities of blood monocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to mediate antitumor activity were examined. The functional integrity of blood monocytes was determined by their capacity to respond in vitro to a variety of activating agents and become tumoricidal, as assessed by a radioactive release assay and ability to produce(More)