Teruhide Koyama

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Typical appearances of uterine leiomyoma at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are well established, and diagnosis is usually easy. However, cases that, are extremely difficult to differentiate from other conditions are occasionally encountered. To understand the wide spectrum of MR imaging findings, such unusual appearances can be classified into three(More)
Multiple alignments of primary structures of many kinds of prenyltransferases that participate in the most fundamental prenyl-chain backbone synthesizing process in isoprenoid biosynthesis showed seven conserved regions in the primary structures of (E)-prenyl diphosphate synthases. However, no information has been available about the structures of(More)
The present study examined the effects of both competitive (D-CPP-ene) and noncompetitive (MK-801) NMDA antagonists on behavioral sensitization to methamphetamine (MA). Behavioral effects of repeated administration of NMDA antagonists were also examined. Rats treated with MA according to an escalating dose schedule (2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10.0 mg/kg, SC, twice a(More)
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a peptide involved both in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and in circulatory homeostasis. The high-affinity AM receptor is composed of receptor activity-modifying protein 2 or 3 (RAMP2 or -3) and the GPCR calcitonin receptor-like receptor. Testing our hypothesis that RAMP2 is a key determinant of the effects of AM on the(More)
We recorded single neuronal activities in the anterior cingulate cortex of monkeys while they were performing discriminative pain-avoidance and reward tasks: a prediction cue was presented for 0.5-1.5 s, followed by a red or green discrimination cue (1:1, random) for 1.0 s; painful stimuli were presented if the monkey failed to respond during the red cue; a(More)
Migraine-like features sometimes characterize the headache that follows epileptic seizure (postictal headache, PIH). We compared patients with different types of epilepsy to investigate the association between migraine-like PIH and seizure type. Subjects comprised 364 patients with partial epilepsy. Epilepsy types were temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE, n = 177),(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent epidemiologic studies worldwide have documented a rise in prevalence rates for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Broadening of diagnostic criteria for ASD may be a major contributor to the rise in prevalence, particularly if superimposed on an underlying continuous distribution of autistic traits. This study sought to determine the nature of(More)
The present study examined effect of administration of a selective D1 dopamine receptor agonist, SKF38393 on extracellular concentrations of glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mPFC, by using in vivo microdialysis. Perfusion with SKF38393 via a dialysis probe reduced concentrations of both Glu and GABA dose-relatedly, and these effects(More)
We examined effects of a high dose of methamphetamine (MA) (4.02 mg free base/kg, s.c., at 2-h intervals, 4 injections) on extracellular concentrations of monoamines such as dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and those of glutamate and other several amino acids in rat striatum(More)
The present study examined the effects of the selective serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) reuptake inhibitor citalopram on the acquisition of conditioned freezing, an index of anxiety. Acute treatment with citalopram (1-10 mg/kg) dose dependently prevented the acquisition of conditioned freezing, while acute treatment with noradrenaline or dopamine(More)