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Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is widely used for the therapy of liver dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of UDCA in concanavalin A-induced mouse liver injury. The treatment with UDCA at oral doses of 50 and 150 mg/kg at 2 h before concanavalin A injection significantly reduced the elevated plasma levels of aminotransferases and(More)
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a bile acid, which is present in human bile at a low concentration of only 3% of total bile acids. It is a 7beta-hydroxy epimer of the primary bile acid chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). UDCA is isolated from the Chinese drug 'Yutan' a powder preparation derived from the dried bile of adult bears. For centuries, Yutan has been(More)
1. We have devised a radioimmunoassay for atrial natriueretic factor (ANF). Its application to rat brain extract led to the discovery of ANF in the brain. In addition to the hypothalamus and the pontine medullary region, it was widely distributed. 2. ANF in the brain is stored in a low molecular weight form, in contrast to pro-ANF in the atria. Thus, the(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been used for the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The ability to modulate cytokine production has been formerly described as one of the mechanisms of its action. This study aimed to investigate the effect of IVIG on the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated(More)
A novel therapeutic mechanism may be the key to improving the chief symptoms and signs of atopic dermatitis (AD), which are persistent pruritus and high serum IgE. We demonstrate here that mast cell chymase may be a possible initiating factor and that the orally active specific inhibitor Y-40613 may have a therapeutic potential in the treatment of AD. We(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the stimulation of monocytic cells with procalcitonin (PCT) results in the release of proinflammatory cytokines. The effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) on the production of cytokines from the cells stimulated with PCT were also studied. Cultured monocytic cells [THP-1 cells treated with phorbol(More)
AIM To investigate the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA)-induced liver injury in hamsters, and to elucidate a correlation between liver injury and bile acid profiles in the liver. METHODS Liver injury was induced in hamsters by administration of 0.5% (w/w) CDCA in their feed for 7 d. UDCA (50 mg/kg and 150 mg/kg) was(More)
We have found that an oxygenated sterol, 22R-hydroxycholesterol [(22R)-5-cholestene-3β,22-diol], lyses not only platelets but also erythrocytes in a dose-dependent manner. The lysis of platelets and erythrocytes were evidenced by the release of intracellular proteins, lactate dehydrogenase and hemoglobin, respectively. Their morphological change was shown(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), a highly purified immunoglobulin fraction prepared from pooled plasma of several thousand donors, increased anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 production, while decreased proinflammatory cytokine IL-12p70 production in bone-marrow-derived mouse dendritic cells (BMDCs) stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The changes of(More)
Microradioautographic study of [3H]-benidipine hydrochloride (KW-3049, CAS 91599-74-5) and nitrendipine (CAS 39562-70-4) localization was performed in the supramesenteric arteries of the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at 10 and 30 min after intravenous administration or in vitro incubation. The distribution of silver grains was observed by light and(More)
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