Teruaki Akao

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Parasporal inclusion proteins from a total of 1744 Bacillus thuringiensis strains, consisting of 1700 Japanese isolates and 44 reference type strains of existing H serovars, were screened for cytocidal activity against human leukaemia T cells and haemolytic activity against sheep erythrocytes. Of 1684 B. thuringiensis strains having no haemolytic activity,(More)
Berberine (Ber) and its main metabolites were identified and quantified using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization/ion trap mass spectrometry. Rat plasma contained the main metabolites, berberrubine, thalifendine, demethyleneberberine, and jatrorrhizine, as free and glucuronide conjugates after p.o. Ber administration. Moreover, the original drug,(More)
An unusual property, human leukemic cell-recognizing activity, associated with parasporal inclusions of a noninsecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis soil isolate was investigated, and a protein (named parasporin in this study) responsible for the activity was cloned. The parasporin, encoded by a gene 2,169 bp long, was a polypeptide of 723 amino acid residues(More)
To elucidate the in vivo pharmacological activities of magnesium lithospermate B (MLB), an active constituent of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, in the rat, its metabolic fate both in vivo and in vitro was investigated. High-performance liquid chromatography revealed that four major metabolites with lower polarity were excreted into bile after intravenous and(More)
Recent studies have suggested that vitamin D is an important determinant of prostate cancer risk and inherited polymorphisms in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene are associated with the risk and progression of prostate cancer. This study was conducted to explore the association of VDR gene polymorphisms with prostate(More)
To clarify the metabolic fate of glycyrrhizin when orally ingested, we investigated the bioavailability of glycyrrhetic acid, the aglycone of glycyrrhizin, after intravenous or oral administration of glycyrrhetic acid (5.7 mg kg-1, equimolar to glycyrrhizin) or glycyrrhizin (10 mg kg-1) at a therapeutic dose in rat. Plasma concentration of glycyrrhetic acid(More)
We assessed the bioavailability of magnesium lithospermate B (MLB), a main polyphenolic component of Salvia miltiorrhiza and a potent antioxidant having various pharmacological activities, to evaluate its action in vivo. The plasma concentrations of lithospermic acid B (LSB) showed a biexponential decrease after intravenous administration of MLB to rats at(More)
Parasporal inclusion proteins from a total of 151 Bacillus thuringiensis strains, consisting of 139 Japanese isolates and the type strains of 12 H serovars, were screened for haemagglutination (HA) activity against sheep erythrocytes. Of 58 B. thuringiensis strains with HA activity, nine strains exhibited high activity and the remaining 49 strains were(More)
Geniposide, a main iridoid glucoside of Gardenia fruit, is transformed to genipin, a genuine choleretic, in vivo in rats (Aburada et al., J. Pharmacobio-Dyn., 1, 81 (1978)). As geniposide was not hydrolyzed to any metabolite by rat liver homogenate, which has beta-D-glucosidase and esterase activities, beta-D-glucosidases in intestinal bacteria seem to be(More)
Glycyrrhizae radix is used to treat abdominal pain as a component of shakuyakukanzoto (shaoyao-gancao-tang), a traditional Chinese medicine formulation. Previously, we have reported the isolation of glycycoumarin as a potent antispasmodic with an IC50 value of 2.93+/-0.94 microM for carbamylcholine (CCh)-induced contraction of mouse jejunum from an aqueous(More)