Terry T Oyama

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The prototypical member of the vanilloid-responsive-like subfamily of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels is TRPV1. TRPV1 mediates aspects of nociception and neurogenic inflammation; however, new roles are emerging in sensation of both luminal stretch and systemic tonicity. Although at least six nonsynonymous polymorphisms in the human TRPV1 gene(More)
Experimental diabetes is associated with complex changes in renal nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. We explored the effect of diabetes on renal cortical protein expression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) with respect to several determinants of its enzymatic function, such as eNOS expression, membrane localization, phosphorylation, and dimerization, in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated serum uric acid (UA) is a risk factor for the development of kidney disease. Inhibitors of xanthine oxidase (XOi), an enzyme involved in UA synthesis, have protective effects at early stages of experimental diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, long-term effects of XOi in models of DN remain to be determined. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
EphA2, a member of the large family of Eph receptor tyrosine kinases, is highly expressed in epithelial tissue and has been implicated in cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, as well as cell growth and survival. Expression of EphA2 mRNA and protein was markedly upregulated by both hypertonic stress and by elevated urea concentrations in cells derived(More)
Rho-associated kinases (ROCK) are activated in the kidney as well as in cultured cells of diabetic models and have been implicated in renal pathophysiology. To explore whether inhibition of ROCK is protective, we studied its role in a model of accelerated diabetic nephropathy where uninephrectomized rats were made diabetic by streptozotocin. After(More)
1. Cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 is involved in constitutive production of prostanoids in the kidney and plays a role in the control of renal function and morphology. Renal cortical COX-2 expression and function is increased in experimental models of diabetes (DM). However, pathophysiological roles of this phenomenon in the diabetic kidney have not been fully(More)
TRPV4, a nonselective cation channel of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family, is gated by hypotonicity. Expression of TRPV4 mRNA has been detected in the circumventricular organs of the brain responsible for sensing systemic tonicity and in the kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT), among other sites. No analysis of TRPV4 expression at the protein(More)
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) has been implicated in mediating vascular smooth muscle and mesangial cell contraction in response to several vasoactive factors, including angiotensin II. Early stages of diabetic nephropathy are associated with renal hemodynamic changes that are, at least in part, attributable to the dysbalance of vasoactive(More)
BACKGROUND Male gender is a risk factor for progression of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), clinically and in the Han:SPRD rat model. Orchiectomy limits progression, but mechanisms of the detrimental effect of androgen, and/or beneficial effects of estrogen, are not known. This protocol tested the hypothesis that male gender (intact(More)
Renal cell activity of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) is increased in the diabetic milieu. p38 mediates signals relevant for the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, renal p38 in Type 1 diabetes in vivo, particularly in conditions reflecting the differences in metabolic control, and its activity in advanced stages of DN, has(More)