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Here we demonstrate previously unreported ocular defects in mice homozygous for a new allele of the Large gene, veils, and for Large(myd) mice. Clinically, vitreal fibroplasia and retinal vessel tortuosity and fluorescein leakage are observed. These vascular defects may be due to the extreme disorganization of the astrocytic template on which endothelial(More)
Microcystin (Mcyst) and calyculin A (CalA) in vitro inhibit protein phosphatases (PP)1 and 2A activity (IC50 0.1-2.0 nM). This study was aimed at determining the contribution of PP inhibition to Mcyst hepatotoxicity by comparing the effect of these two chemically different inhibitors in perfused rat livers. Both compounds (60 micrograms Mcyst and 6(More)
The Mouse Phenome Project was launched a decade ago to complement mouse genome sequencing efforts by promoting new phenotyping initiatives under standardized conditions and collecting the data in a central public database, the Mouse Phenome Database (MPD; http://phenome.jax.org). MPD houses a wealth of strain characteristics data to facilitate the use of(More)
Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of genetic crosses has proven to be a useful tool for identifying loci associated with specific phenotypes and for dissecting genetic components of complex traits. Inclusion of a mutation that interacts epistatically with QTLs in genetic crosses is a unique and potentially powerful method of revealing the function of(More)
Smallie (slie), a spontaneous, autosomal-recessive mutation causes dwarfing and infertility in mice. The purpose of this study was to determine and characterize the underlying molecular genetic basis for its phenotype. The slie locus was mapped to chromosome 1, and fine-structure mapping narrowed the slie allele within 2 Mb between genetic markers D1Mit36(More)
Mutations in the immunoglobulin mu binding protein-2 (Ighmbp2) gene cause motor neuron disease and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in the neuromuscular degeneration (nmd) mouse and spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress (SMARD1) in humans. To investigate the role of IGHMBP2 in the pathogenesis of DCM, we generated transgenic mice expressing the(More)
Immunoglobulin mu binding protein 2 (IGHMBP2) is a DNA/RNA helicase with a putative role in transcriptional regulation and splicing. A recessive mutation of the Ighmbp2 gene in neuromuscular degeneration (nmd) mice causes progressive neurogenic atrophy of limb muscles. Affected mice show significant loss of motor neurons with large caliber axons and a(More)
Carbonic anhydrase related protein 8 (Car8) is known to be abundantly expressed in Purkinje cells (PCs), and its genetic mutation causes a motor coordination defect. To determine the underlying mechanism, we analyzed the mouse cerebellum carrying a Car8 mutation. Electrophysiological analysis showed that spontaneous excitatory transmission was largely(More)
Idiopathic epilepsy is a common human disorder with a strong genetic component, usually exhibiting complex inheritance. We describe a new mouse mutation in C57BL/6J mice, called frequent-flyer (Ff), in which disruption of the gene encoding RNA-binding protein Bruno-like 4 (Brunol4) leads to limbic and severe tonic-clonic seizures in heterozygous mutants(More)
The inhibition of efflux of intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) by methionine was determined in isolated rat hepatocytes suspended either in Krebs-Henseleit buffer or in modified Fisher's medium. Methionine (1 mM) added to Krebs-Henseleit suspensions of isolated rat hepatocytes inhibited GSH efflux, with greater retention of GSH in the cells compared(More)