Terry L. Woodward

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Postnatal mammary gland development is highly dependent on the ovarian steroids, estrogen and progesterone. However, evidence from both in vitro and in vivo studies indicates that steroid-induced development occurs indirectly, requiring stromal cooperation in epithelial proliferation and morphogenesis. Stromal cells appear to influence epithelial cell(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins have been shown to regulate mammary epithelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in vitro. However, little is known about the hormonal regulation and functional role of ECM proteins and integrins during mammary gland development in vivo. We examined the temporal and spatial localization and hormone(More)
Mammary epithelial cells comprise the functional component of the normal gland and are the major target for carcinogenesis in mammary cancer. However, the stromal compartment of the normal gland and of tumors plays an important role in directing proliferative and functional changes in the epithelium. In vivo and in vitro studies of the murine mammary gland(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of extracellular matrix proteins (ECMs; collagens I and IV, fibronectin, and laminin) in modulating proliferative responses of normal mammary epithelial cells in serum-free culture to epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). As EGF and IGF-I can alter steroid(More)
The acute temporal effects of exogenous oestradiol (0.1 mg/kg per day), progesterone (0.25 mg/kg per day) or both together on the proliferative response of epithelial cells, fibroblasts, adipocytes and endothelial cells in the mammary tissue of prepubertal cross-bred heifers were determined. Mammary biopsies were taken immediately before, then 24, 48 and 96(More)
Despite the critical importance of ovarian steroids in the treatment of breast cancer, little is known about the acquisition or loss of estrogen and progesterone responsiveness in either the normal or neoplastic mammary gland. This review focuses on the interactions among mammary stroma-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, integrins and ovarian(More)
Breast tumors that lack estrogen responsiveness have a poor prognosis. Despite the critical importance to breast cancer treatment, little is known about the loss of estrogen responsiveness and the development of antiestrogen resistance. We have examined the regulation of estrogen-induced proliferation, estrogen regulation of progesterone receptor (PR)(More)