Terry L Sheppard

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In vitro evolution was used to develop a DNA enzyme that catalyzes the site-specific depurination of DNA with a catalytic rate enhancement of about 10(6)-fold. The reaction involves hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond of a particular deoxyguanosine residue, leading to DNA strand scission at the apurinic site. The DNA enzyme contains 93 nucleotides and is(More)
The nucleotide substrate specificity of yeast poly(A) polymerase (yPAP) toward various C-2- and C-8-modified ATP analogs was examined. 32P-Radiolabeled RNA oligonucleotide primers were incubated with yPAP in the absence of ATP to assay polyadenylation using unnatural ATP substrates. The C-2-modified ATP analogs 2-amino-ATP and 2-chloro (Cl)-ATP were(More)
8-Chloroadenosine (8-Cl-Ado) has shown potential as a chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of multiple myeloma and certain leukemias. 8-Cl-Ado treatment leads to a decrease in global RNA levels and incorporation of the analog into cellular RNA in malignant cells. To investigate the effects of 8-Cl-Ado modifications on RNA structure and function, an(More)
A chemoenzymatic approach for the efficient synthesis of DNA-carbohydrate conjugates was developed and applied to an antibody-based strategy for the detection of DNA glycoconjugates. A phosphoramidite derivative of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) was synthesized and utilized to attach GlcNAc sugars to the 5'-terminus of DNA oligonucleotides by solid-phase DNA(More)
Reactive oxygen species lead to oxidative damage of the nucleobase and sugar components of nucleotides in double-stranded DNA. The 2-deoxyribonolactone (or oxidized abasic site) lesion results from oxidation of the C-1' position of DNA nucleotides and has been implicated in DNA strand scission, mutagenesis, and covalent cross-linking to DNA binding(More)
2-Deoxyribonolactone (dL) is an oxidized abasic site in DNA that can be induced by gamma-radiolysis, ultraviolet irradiation, and numerous antitumor drugs. Although this lesion is incised by AP endonucleases, suggesting a base-excision repair mechanism for dL removal, subsequent excision and repair synthesis by DNA polymerase beta is inhibited due to(More)
[reaction: see text] An efficient method for the site-specific generation of 2-deoxyribonolactone oxidative DNA damage lesions from a "photocaged" nucleoside analogue was developed. A nucleoside phosphoramidite bearing a C-1' nitrobenzyl cyanohydrin was prepared and incorporated into DNA oligonucleotides using automated DNA synthesis. The caged analogue,(More)