Terry J Stephens

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INTRODUCTION Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion has been shown to increase both muscle glycogenolysis and glycolysis during brief submaximal exercise. These changes may be detrimental to performance during more prolonged, exhaustive exercise. This study examined the effect of NaHCO3 ingestion on muscle metabolism and performance during intense endurance(More)
The effect of exercise intensity on skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling and substrate metabolism was examined in eight men cycling for 20 min at each of three sequential intensities: low (40 +/- 2% VO(2) peak), medium (59 +/- 1% VO(2) peak), and high (79 +/- 1% VO(2) peak). Muscle free AMP/ATP ratio only increased at the two higher(More)
We examined the effect of short-term exercise training on skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signalling and muscle metabolism during prolonged exercise in humans. Eight sedentary males completed 120 min of cycling at 66 +/- 1% , then exercise trained for 10 days, before repeating the exercise bout at the same absolute workload. Participants(More)
The major isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in skeletal muscle is the splice variant of neuronal NOS, termed nNOS mu. Exercise training increases nNOS mu protein levels in rat skeletal muscle, but data in humans are conflicting. We performed two studies to determine 1) whether resting nNOS mu protein expression is greater in skeletal muscle of 10(More)
PURPOSE It is generally recommended that fluid be ingested during exercise at a rate that prevents body mass loss and prevents dehydration. It is, however, not known whether these recommendations are valid during intense endurance exercise in a mild environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of fluid ingestion volume on heart rate(More)
The effect of prolonged moderate-intensity exercise on human skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)alpha1 and -alpha2 activity and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCbeta) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOSmu) phosphorylation was investigated. Seven active healthy individuals cycled for 30 min at a workload requiring 62.8 +/- 1.3% of peak O(2)(More)
Stephens, T. J., Z.-P. Chen, B. J. Canny, B. J. Michell, B. E. Kemp, and G. K. McConell. Progressive increase in human skeletal muscle AMPK 2 activity and ACC phosphorylation during exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282: E688–E694, 2002; 10.1152/ajpendo.00101.2001.—The effect of prolonged moderate-intensity exercise on human skeletal muscle(More)
1. The nucleoside intermediate 5'-aminoimidazole-4-carboxyamide-ribonucleoside (AICAR) activates skeletal muscle AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and increases glucose uptake. The AMPK phosphorylates neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)mu in skeletal muscle fibres. There is evidence that both AMPK and nNOSmu may be involved in the regulation of(More)
Maintaining the calcaneal length after calcaneal fractures is vital to restoring the normal biomechanics of the foot, because it acts as an important lever arm to the plantarflexors of the foot. However, estimation of the length of the calcaneus to be reconstructed in comminuted calcaneal fractures can be difficult. We propose a new method to reliably(More)
INTRODUCTION Creatine (Cr) supplementation has been shown to attenuate increases in plasma ammonia and hypoxanthine during intense endurance exercise lasting 1 h, suggesting that Cr supplementation may improve muscle energy balance (matching of ATP resynthesis to ATP demand) during such exercise. We hypothesized that Cr supplementation would improve muscle(More)