Terry J. Hassold

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Aneuploidy (trisomy or monosomy) is the most commonly identified chromosome abnormality in humans, occurring in at least 5% of all clinically recognized pregnancies. Most aneuploid conceptuses perish in utero, which makes this the leading genetic cause of pregnancy loss. However, some aneuploid fetuses survive to term and, as a class, aneuploidy is the most(More)
Analysis of recombination between loci (linkage analysis) has been a cornerstone of human genetic research, enabling investigators to localize and, ultimately, identify genetic loci. However, despite these efforts little is known about patterns of meiotic exchange in human germ cells or the mechanisms that control these patterns. Using recently developed(More)
In eukaryotes, diploid cells give rise to haploid cells via meiosis, a program of two cell divisions preceded by one round of DNA replication. Although key molecular components of the meiotic apparatus are highly conserved among eukaryotes, the mechanisms responsible for initiating the meiotic program have diverged substantially among eukaryotes. This(More)
Cytogenetic analysis of 1000 spontaneous abortions showed 463 to have an abnormal chromosome constitution. The proportion of chromosome abnormalities varied with the gestational age of the abortus and the type of tissue cultured but was not significantly different among the five racial groups represented in the study population. It was suggested that(More)
Estrogen plays an essential role in the growth and maturation of the mammalian oocyte, and recent studies suggest that it also influences follicle formation in the neonatal ovary. In the course of studies designed to assess the effect of the estrogenic chemical bisphenol A (BPA) on mammalian oogenesis, we uncovered an estrogenic effect at an even earlier(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing concern that exposure to man-made substances that mimic endogenous hormones may adversely affect mammalian reproduction. Although a variety of reproductive complications have been ascribed to compounds with androgenic or estrogenic properties, little attention has been directed at the potential consequences of such exposures(More)
Trisomic and monosomic (aneuploid) embryos account for at least 10% of human pregnancies and, for women nearing the end of their reproductive lifespan, the incidence may exceed 50%. The errors that lead to aneuploidy almost always occur in the oocyte but, despite intensive investigation, the underlying molecular basis has remained elusive. Recent studies of(More)
Trisomy, occurring in at least 4% of pregnancies, is the most common chromosome abnormality in humans. The majority of trisomies are associated with single additional chromosome. The presence of an additional sex chromosome is often associated with physical, behavioral, and intellectual impairment. The presence of an additional autosome is even more(More)
Mitotic chromosome segregation is facilitated by the cohesin complex, which maintains physical connections between sister chromatids until anaphase. Meiotic cell division is considerably more complex, as cohesion must be released sequentially to facilitate orderly segregation of chromosomes at both meiosis I and meiosis II. This necessitates(More)
In humans, the relationship between advancing maternal age and the incidence of trisomy has been long established, but the possible effect of increasing age of the father remains controversial. Using a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) approach to directly examine individual sperm for aneuploidy of the sex chromosomes and chromosome 18, we have(More)