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Despite multiple disparate prognostic risk analysis systems for evaluating clinical outcome for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), imprecision persists with such analyses. To attempt to improve on these systems, an International MDS Risk Analysis Workshop combined cytogenetic, morphological, and clinical data from seven large previously reported(More)
Tumour-specific antiserum was raised in sheep against idiotypic determinants on the surface immunoglobulin of neoplastic lymphocytes from a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (prolymphocytic variant). The complement-activating IgG1 subclass of the anti-idiotype was prepared from the serum in monodisperse form for infusion. Two treatments of 480 and(More)
The presence or absence of somatic mutations in the expressed immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions (IgVH) of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells provides prognostic information. Patients whose leukemic cells express unmutated IgVH regions (Ig-unmutated CLL) often have progressive disease, whereas patients whose leukemic cells express mutated(More)
This study evaluates the prognostic significance of genetic abnormalities (detected at or shortly after presentation), clinical stage, lymphocyte morphology, CD38 expression, and IGVH gene status in 205 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Deletion of chromosome 11q23, absence of a deletion of chromosome 13q14, atypical lymphocyte morphology,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia reported high response rates to fludarabine combined with cyclophosphamide. We aimed to establish whether this treatment combination provided greater survival benefit than did chlorambucil or fludarabine. METHODS 777 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia requiring treatment(More)
Although the presence or absence of somatic mutations in the immunoglobulin variable region (IgV(H)) genes in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) identifies subtypes with very different prognoses, the assay is technically complex and unavailable to most laboratories. CD38 expression has been suggested as a surrogate marker for the 2 subtypes. IgV(H)(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a heterogeneous disease; many patients never need treatment, whereas some have poor outcomes. New treatments, which can induce complete remissions, allow patients with poor outlook to be treated while they are still asymptomatic. Whether or not the IgVH gene is mutated is the best predictor of clinical(More)
PURPOSE To review the recent major advances in the molecular and cell biology of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). METHODS We analyzed the nature of malignant B-CLL B cells and their interactions with the microenvironment. RESULTS B-CLL is a malignancy of a mantle zone-based subpopulation of anergic, self-reactive, activated CD5+ B cells(More)
The mutational status of tumor immunoglobulin V(H) genes is providing a powerful prognostic marker for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), with patients having tumors expressing unmutated V(H) genes being in a less favorable subset. However, the biologic differences correlating with V(H) gene status that could determine the clinical course of the disease(More)
The peripheral blood lymphocytes of nine out of nine patients with typical surface Ig-positive chronic lymphocytic leukemia but no paraprotein visible on serum electrophoresis have been shown by radioimmunoassay to export small amounts of pentameric IgM during culture (in the range of 2.4-7.2 ng/10(7) cells per h); three out of nine also exported monomeric(More)