Terry J. Dawson

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DAWSON, TERENCE J., AND A. J. HULBERT. Standard metabolism, body temperature, and surface areas of Australian marsupials. Am. J. Physiol. 2 1 B(4) : 12331238. 1970.-Standard (basal) metabolism and resting body temperatures were measured in eight Australian marsupial species which ranged in weight from 9 g to 54 kg. The relationship between standard(More)
The total body-water content (TBW) and rate of water turnover were measured usingtritiated water in five species of macropodod marsupials (kangaroos), which ranged in weight from 1 to 50 kg. Animals fitted with rumen cannulas were used to estimate the time required for tritiated water to equilibrate within the body of large kangaroos. In hydrated(More)
The emu, a large (40 kg) flightless bird, has low water requirements yet it has a limited ability to produce concentrated urine. To clarify the factors involved in excretion and water conservation by the emu the patterns of excretion during water restriction were examined. Additionally, kidney function was studied, as also was the role of the cloaca and(More)
The structure and function of the kidneys of two species of desert kangaroos, the red kangaroo (Megaleia rufa) and the euro (Macropus robustus), were examined. Both kangaroos had glomerular filtration rates (GFR), renal plasma flows, and urine flow rates, when hydrated and dehydrated, which were lower than those of similarly sized eutherian mammals. The(More)
To determine whether marsupial mammals increase their metabolic capabilities during cold acclimation, the metabolism of both warm and cold acclimated Dasyuroides byrnei was examined by exposure to cold in a helium-oxygen atmosphere. Mean values of heat production and conductance were significantly higher in a helium-oxygen atmosphere than in air. Body(More)
1. Monodelphis domestica is a small marsupial mammal from South America. Its thermogenic abilities in the cold were determined when the opossums were both warm (WA) and cold (CA) acclimated. Maximum heat production of M. domestica was obtained at low temperatures in helium-oxygen. 2. Basal metabolic rate (BMR) in the WA animals was 3.2 W/kg and mean body(More)
The effect of dehydration on the distribution of water in the bodies of two species of desert kangaroos, the red kangaroo Megaleia rufa and the euro Macropus robustus, has been examined. The volumes of various body-fluid compartments were determined in normally hydrated animals and then after the kangaroos had been dehydrated until body weight declined to(More)