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Mouse models of the GM2 gangliosidoses [Tay-Sachs, late onset Tay-Sachs (LOTS), Sandhoff] and GM1 gangliosidosis have been studied to determine whether there is a common neuro-inflammatory component to these disorders. During the disease course, we have: (i) examined the expression of a number of inflammatory markers in the CNS, including MHC class II,(More)
Gaucher disease is caused by mutations in the gene encoding acid beta-glucosidase (GlcCerase), resulting in glucosylceramide (GlcCer) accumulation. The only currently available orally administered treatment for Gaucher disease is N-butyl-deoxynojirimycin (Zavesca, NB-DNJ), which partially inhibits GlcCer synthesis, thus reducing levels of GlcCer(More)
Sandhoff disease is a severe neurodegenerative glycosphingolipid (GSL) lysosomal storage disorder, currently without treatment options. One therapeutic approach under investigation is substrate reduction therapy (SRT). By partially inhibiting GSL biosynthesis, the impaired rate of GSL catabolism is balanced by a slower rate of influx of GSLs into the(More)
The glycosphingolipid (GSL) lysosomal storage diseases result from the inheritance of defects in the genes encoding the enzymes required for catabolism of GSLs within lysosomes. A strategy for the treatment of these diseases, based on an inhibitor of GSL biosynthesis N-butyldeoxynojirimycin, was evaluated in a mouse model of Tay-Sachs disease. When(More)
Paediatric neurodegenerative diseases are frequently caused by inborn errors in glycosphingolipid (GSL) catabolism and are collectively termed the glycosphingolipidoses. GSL catabolism occurs in the lysosome and a defect in an enzyme involved in GSL degradation leads to the lysosomal storage of its substrate(s). GSLs are abundantly expressed in the central(More)
Many neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the accumulation of undegradable molecules in cells or at extracellular sites in the brain. One such family of diseases is the lysosomal storage disorders, which result from defects in various aspects of lysosomal function. Until recently, there was little prospect of treating storage diseases involving(More)
Sandhoff disease is an autosomal recessive, neurodegenerative disease involving the storage of brain ganglioside GM2 and asialo-GM2. Previous studies showed that caloric restriction, which augments longevity, and N-butyldeoxynojirimycin (NB-DNJ, Miglustat), an imino sugar that hinders the glucosyltransferase catalyzing the first step in glycosphingolipid(More)
The GM2 gangliosidoses are caused by incomplete catabolism of GM2 ganglioside in the lysosome, leading to progressive storage and a neurodegenerative clinical course. An inflammatory response (microglial activation, macrophage infiltration, oxidative damage) has been found to be a consequence of GM2 storage in the brain, although it remains unclear whether(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a hereditary neurovisceral lipid storage disorder. Although traditionally considered a primary cholesterol storage disorder, a variety of glycolipids accumulate in NP-C cells, which resemble those from glycosphingolipidosis patients. Substrate reduction therapy (SRT) with miglustat, an inhibitor of glycosphingolipid(More)
Niemann-Pick C disease (NPC) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the abnormal function of NPC1 or NPC2 proteins, leading to an accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycosphingolipids (GSLs) in the lysosomes. The mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology in NPC disease are not clear. Oxidative damage is implicated in the(More)