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Much confusion has arisen recently over the question of whether excitotoxic neuronal degeneration can be considered an apoptotic phenomenon. Here, we addressed this question by using ultrastructural methods and DNA fragmentation analysis to compare a prototypic apoptotic in vivo central nervous system cell death process (physiologic cell death in the(More)
Phencyclidine and other antagonists of the N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptor cause psychosis in humans. In low doses these agents induce a reversible neurotoxic reaction in the rat brain that is limited to the retrosplenial granular cortex. Some investigators have reported that phencyclidine at higher doses or by more prolonged treatment(More)
There are contradictory data regarding the role of the dopamine D(3) receptor in regulating N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist (e.g., dizocilpine) induced hyperactivity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the interaction of dopamine D(3) receptor preferring antagonists U99194A (5,6-dimethoxy-2(dipropylamino)indan) and S33804(More)
Chronic pain, sickness behaviors, and cognitive decline are symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis. In the adjuvant-induced arthritis Lewis rat model, we examined the dynamics of c-Fos expression in the hippocampus, a brain region important for these symptoms. Brain sections were stained for c-Fos using immunohistochemistry. c-Fos-positive nuclei were counted in(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD) and animal models of parkinsonism the destruction of nigrostriatal (NSB) system results in a marked loss of the dopamine D(3) receptor and mRNA in the islands of Calleja (ICj) and the nucleus accumbens shell (NAS). In animal models, it has been reported that both measures are elevated by repeated intermittent administration of(More)
It is not known if age plays an important role in the D(3) receptor regulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist induced hyperactivity. Wild type (WT) and dopamine D(3) receptor mutant (D(3)R KO) mice were divided into young (under 7 months) and middle age (over 12 months) groups and tested for dizocilpine (MK-801)-induced hyperactivity and(More)
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