Terry B. Strom

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On activation, T cells undergo distinct developmental pathways, attaining specialized properties and effector functions. T-helper (T(H)) cells are traditionally thought to differentiate into T(H)1 and T(H)2 cell subsets. T(H)1 cells are necessary to clear intracellular pathogens and T(H)2 cells are important for clearing extracellular organisms. Recently, a(More)
On activation, naive T cells differentiate into effector T-cell subsets with specific cytokine phenotypes and specialized effector functions. Recently a subset of T cells, distinct from T helper (T(H))1 and T(H)2 cells, producing interleukin (IL)-17 (T(H)17) was defined and seems to have a crucial role in mediating autoimmunity and inducing tissue(More)
The study of T regulatory cells (T reg cells) has been limited by the lack of specific surface markers and an inability to define mechanisms of suppression. We show that the expression of CD39/ENTPD1 in concert with CD73/ecto-5'-nucleotidase distinguishes CD4(+)/CD25(+)/Foxp3(+) T reg cells from other T cells. These ectoenzymes generate pericellular(More)
Transcription factor Foxp3 is critical for generating regulatory T cells (Treg cells). Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) induces Foxp3 and suppressive Treg cells from naive T cells, whereas interleukin 6 (IL-6) inhibits the generation of inducible Treg cells. Here we show that IL-4 blocked the generation of TGF-β-induced Foxp3+ Treg cells and instead(More)
Tim-3 is a T helper type 1 (TH1)–specific cell surface molecule that seems to regulate TH1 responses and the induction of peripheral tolerance. However, the identity of the Tim-3 ligand and the mechanism by which this ligand inhibits the function of effector TH1 cells remain unknown. Here we show that galectin-9 is the Tim-3 ligand. Galectin-9-induced(More)
Treatment with ex vivo–generated regulatory T cells (T-reg) has been regarded as a potentially attractive therapeutic approach for autoimmune diseases. However, the dynamics and function of T-reg in autoimmunity are not well understood. Thus, we developed Foxp3gfp knock-in (Foxp3gfp.KI) mice and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35–55/IAb (MHC class(More)
The newly identified TIM family of proteins is associated with regulation of T helper type 1 (TH1) and TH2 immune responses. TIM-1 is genetically linked to asthma and is a receptor for hepatitis A virus, but the endogenous ligand of TIM-1 is not known. Here we show that TIM-4, which is expressed by antigen-presenting cells, is the ligand for TIM-1. In vivo(More)
CD28/B7 blockade leads to exacerbated autoimmune disease in the nonobese diabetic mouse strain as a result of a marked reduction in the number of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs). Herein, we demonstrate that CD28 controls both thymic development and peripheral homeostasis of Tregs. CD28 maintains a stable pool of peripheral Tregs by both supporting(More)
Contrary to the proinflammatory role of mast cells in allergic disorders, the results obtained in this study establish that mast cells are essential in CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T (T(Reg))-cell-dependent peripheral tolerance. Here we confirm that tolerant allografts, which are sustained owing to the immunosuppressive effects of T(Reg) cells, acquire a(More)
Although T helper (TH) cell–mediated immunity is required to effectively eliminate pathogens, unrestrained TH activity also contributes to tissue injury in many inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. We report here that the TH type 1 (TH1)-specific Tim-3 (T cell immunoglobulin domain, mucin domain) protein functions to inhibit aggressive TH1-mediated auto-(More)