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BACKGROUND Although numerous mouse models of breast carcinomas have been developed, we do not know the extent to which any faithfully represent clinically significant human phenotypes. To address this need, we characterized mammary tumor gene expression profiles from 13 different murine models using DNA microarrays and compared the resulting data to those(More)
To determine the contribution of p53 loss to tumor progression, we have induced abnormal proliferation in the brain choroid plexus epithelium of transgenic mice using a SV40 T antigen fragment that perturbs pRB family function but does not affect p53 function. Tumors induced by this mutant develop slowly compared with those induced by wild-type T antigen.(More)
The protein p53 is a key tumour-suppressor, as evidenced by its frequent inactivation in human cancers. Animal models have indicated that attenuation of p53-dependent cell death (apoptosis) can contribute to both the initiation and progression of cancer, but the molecular mechanisms are unknown. Although p53-mediated transcriptional activation is one(More)
We examined the selective pressure for, and the impact of, p53 inactivation during epithelial tumor evolution in a transgenic brain tumor model. In TgT(121) mice, cell-specific inactivation of the pRb pathway in brain choroid plexus epithelium initiates tumorigenesis and induces p53-dependent apoptosis. We previously showed that p53 deficiency accelerates(More)
We describe a strategy for the cloning of neurotransmitter-receptor and ion-channel cDNAs that is based on electrophysiological assays of mRNA-injected Xenopus oocytes. This procedure circumvents the purification of these membrane proteins, which is hindered by their low abundance and their hydrophobic nature. It involves methods for RNA fractionation by(More)
High-grade astrocytomas are invariably deadly and minimally responsive to therapy. Pten is frequently mutated in aggressive astrocytoma but not in low-grade astrocytoma. However, the Pten astrocytoma suppression mechanisms are unknown. Here we introduced conditional null alleles of Pten (Pten(loxp/loxp)) into a genetically engineered mouse astrocytoma model(More)
A high percentage of transgenic mice developing from eggs microinjected with plasmids containing the SV40 early region genes and a metallothionein fusion gene develop tumors within the choroid plexus. A line of mice has been established in which nearly every affected animal succumbs to this brain tumor. Thymic hypertrophy and kidney pathology are also(More)
We report a DNA shuffling-based approach for developing cell type-specific vectors through directed evolution. Capsid genomes of adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotypes 1-9 were randomly fragmented and reassembled using PCR to generate a chimeric capsid library. A single infectious clone (chimeric-1829) containing genome fragments from AAV1, 2, 8, and 9 was(More)
Preclinical therapeutic assessment currently relies on the growth response of established human cell lines xenografted into immunocompromised mice, a strategy that is generally not predictive of clinical outcomes. Immunocompetent genetically engineered mouse (GEM)-derived tumor allograft models offer highly tractable preclinical alternatives and facilitate(More)
The high mortality rate from ovarian cancers can be attributed to late-stage diagnosis and lack of effective treatment. Despite enormous effort to develop better targeted therapies, platinum-based chemotherapy still remains the standard of care for ovarian cancer patients, and resistance occurs at a high rate. One of the rate limiting factors for(More)