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Intrathecal baclofen therapy is increasingly used to alleviate medically intractable spasticity in children with cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, and generalized dystonia. Complications like overdose or withdrawal can occur and could be the result of pump malfunction (device-related) or refilling and programming mistakes (human errors). This report(More)
In this study we have tried to determine physician success in the collection of injury data during the emergency department visit. Prospective data were collected from all children between the ages of 0 to 18 treated for an injury. Data were collected at the time of the visit and by chart review the next day. At an urban, university-affiliated, children's(More)
Using the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 91,532), we studied the relationship between the joint effects of immigrant family type (foreign-born children, US-born children/one foreign-born parent, US-born children/both foreign-born parents, and US-born children/US-born parents) and race/ethnicity on various health measures (parent-reported(More)
OBJECTIVE Children with developmental disabilities (DDs) have higher rates of emergency department use (EDU) than their typically developing peers do. This study sought to elucidate the relationship between EDU frequency and access to a comprehensive medical home for children with DD. METHODS This study conducted multivariate logistic regression analysis(More)
BACKGROUND To avoid potential contamination, it is recommended that the first few drops of urine be discarded when obtaining a catheterized urine sample from a child being evaluated for a urinary tract infection (UTI). The existing evidence to make such a recommendation is scant. Our goal, therefore, was to determine whether the urinalysis, Gram stain, and(More)
There are 12 million children in the United States with special health care needs. Improvements in medical technology, managed care, and changing social views about the institutionalization of children have all contributed to an increasing number of children with special health care needs (CSHCN) residing primarily in their home communities. Because of the(More)
BACKGROUND Orthopedic reductions are commonly performed procedures requiring sedation in the pediatric emergency department (PED). Ketamine is a widely used agent for pediatric procedural sedation, but its use may present difficulties in select populations, such as those with psychiatric diagnoses. In such a case, alternative agents that are safe and(More)