Terri S. Novak

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A divalent anionic dye, bis-[3-methyl-1-p-sulfophenyl-5-pyrazolone-(4)]-pentamethine oxonol (WW 781) is a rapidly responding fluorescent indicator of KCl diffusion potentials induced in human red blood cells with valinomycin, gramicidin, and with the Ca ionophore A 23187 in the presence of external Ca. WW 781 has a sensitivity of 0.13% ΔF/mV, a detection(More)
Microscopic observations of isotonic suspensions of human red blood cells demonstrate that cell shape is unaltered when the transmembrane electrical potential, orE m , is set in the range −85 to +10 mV with valinomycin at varied external K+, or K o .E m was measured with the fluorescent potentiometric indicator, diS-C3(5), as calibrated by a ΔpH method.(More)
The effects of intracellular calcium, or Cac, on the Na permeability of human red blood cells were examined during 3-h incubations with the Ca ionophore A23187 and varied external Ca, Cao. Above 3 microM Cao, Nac increased significantly as ATP decreased. Maintenance of normal ATP with vanadate did not prevent the gain of Nac. Similar amounts of Nac were(More)
Current-voltage curves for DIDS-insensitive Cl- conductance have been determined in human red blood cells from five donors. Currents were estimated from the rate of cell shrinkage using flow cytometry and differential laser light scattering. Membrane potentials were estimated from the extracellular pH of unbuffered suspensions using the proton ionophore(More)
Net K and Cl effluxes induced by valinomycin or by gramicidin have been determined directly at varied external K, denoted by [K]o, in the presence and absence of the anion transport inhibitors DIDS (4,4'-diiso-thiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid stilbene), and its less potent analogue SITS (4-acetamido-4'-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid). The results(More)
Optical potentiometric indicators have been used to monitor the transmembrane electrical potential (Em) of many cells and organelles. A better understanding of the mechanisms of dye response is needed for the design of dyes with improved responses and for unambiguous interpretation of experimental results. This paper describes the responses to delta Em of(More)
Upon exposure of human red blood cells to hypertonic sucrose, the fluorescence of the potentiometric indicator 3,3'-dipropylthiadicarbocyanine iodide, denoted diS-C3(5), displays a biphasic time course indicating the rapid development of an inside-positive transmembrane voltage, followed by a slow DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid(More)