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A restriction fragment length polymorphism in codon 72 of the p53 gene has been implicated in lung cancer risk, although the functional significance of the polymorphism has not been determined. This association was examined in 109 lung cancer cases (67 African-American and 42 Mexican-American) and 114 controls (74 African-American and 40 Mexican-American)(More)
We conducted a double-blind study to determine the efficacy of 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate in preventing premature delivery in 43 high-risk patients. Premature delivery did not occur in 18 patients receiving the progestational agent, whereas 41 per cent of the 22 receiving the palcebo had premature delivery (P less than 0.01). The mean duration of(More)
Although a familial contribution to human longevity is recognized, the nature of this contribution is largely unknown. We have examined the familial contribution to life span in the Old Order Amish (OOA) population of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Analyses were conducted on 1,655 individuals, representing all those born prior to 1890 and appearing in the(More)
Trisomies 21, 18, and 13 are the three most common trisomies among infants who survive to 20 weeks gestation or more. Overall information about birth prevalence, natural history, and mortality for all three trisomies is well defined, but information about ethnic-specific rates is limited. Only a few studies have examined mortality rates of trisomies 18 and(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between parity and life span is uncertain, with evidence of both positive and negative relationships being reported previously. We evaluated this issue by using genealogical data from an Old Order Amish community in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, a population characterized by large nuclear families, homogeneous lifestyle, and extensive(More)
OBJECT Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of endopeptidases that mediate vascular remodeling by degrading extracellular matrix components, such as collagen and elastin. On the basis of accumulating evidence that implicates increased MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) amounts and activity in the pathogenesis of aneurysms, the authors(More)
Sterilization has become the single most prevalent method of family planning on an international scale. It is estimated that approximately 80 million surgical sterilization procedures have been performed since the early 195Os, and the majority of these have been female.' The demand for female sterilization is growing, and there is a clear need for a safe(More)
Convulsive morbidity has been associated with use of local anesthetics in a paracervical block performed for suction curettage. This complication appears to result from toxic blood levels of the local anesthetics employed. To evaluate the time course of lidocaine plasma levels following paracervical infiltration, plasma lidocaine determinations were(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex is an autosomal dominant neurocutaneous disorder marked by hamartoma growth in multiple organ systems. We performed mutational analyses on 325 individuals with definite tuberous sclerosis complex diagnostic status. We identified mutations in 72% (199/257) of de novo and 77% (53/68) of familial cases, with 17% of mutations in the(More)