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Myopia, or nearsightedness, is the most common human eye disorder. A genomewide screen was conducted to map the gene(s) associated with high, early-onset, autosomal dominant myopia. Eight families that each included two or more individuals with >=-6.00 diopters (D) myopia, in two or more successive generations, were identified. Myopic individuals had no(More)
We conducted a genome-wide association study for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in 1,263 affected individuals (cases) and 34,877 controls from Iceland. We identified a common sequence variant at 7q31 (rs4236601[A], odds ratio (OR) = 1.36, P = 5.0 × 10⁻¹⁰). We then replicated the association in sample sets of 2,175 POAG cases and 2,064 controls from(More)
AIMS To investigate the risk factors for myopia, including near work and outdoor activity, in Singapore Chinese preschool children. METHODS A cross-sectional study, with disproportionate random sampling by 6-month age groups, of 3009 Singapore Chinese children aged 6-72 months was performed. Information on family history, near work and outdoor activity(More)
UNLABELLED Among 94 osteopetrotic patients presenting with a severe clinical picture and diagnosed early in life, 12 bore mutations in the ClCN7 gene, but only 7 of them had the expected two recessive mutations. The remaining five patients seem to be heterozygous for a ClCN7 mutation, and significant variations were observed in the clinical manifestations(More)
Optic nerve assessment is important for many blinding diseases, with cup-to-disc ratio (CDR) assessments commonly used in both diagnosis and progression monitoring of glaucoma patients. Optic disc, cup, rim area and CDR measurements all show substantial variation between human populations and high heritability estimates within populations. To identify loci(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship of outdoor activities and myopia in Singapore teenage children. METHODS Teenage children (1249 participants), examined in the Singapore Cohort study Of Risk factors for Myopia (SCORM), during 2006 were included in analyses. Participants completed questionnaires that quantified total outdoor activity, and underwent an(More)
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is the most common eye disorder worldwide. "Pathologic" high myopia, or myopia of <=-6.00 diopters, predisposes individuals to retinal detachment, macular degeneration, cataract, or glaucoma. A locus for autosomal dominant pathologic high myopia has been mapped to 18p11.31. We now report significant linkage of high myopia to a(More)
A diverse range of neural cell types is generated from a pool of dividing stem and progenitor cells in an orderly manner during development. Little is known of the molecular and cellular biology underpinning the intrinsic control of this process. We have used a nonbiased method to purify populations of neural progenitor cells from the murine CNS to(More)
Myopia and hyperopia are at opposite ends of the continuum of refraction, the measure of the eye's ability to focus light, which is an important cause of visual impairment (when aberrant) and is a highly heritable trait. We conducted a genome-wide association study for refractive error in 4,270 individuals from the TwinsUK cohort. We identified SNPs on(More)
PURPOSE. To determine the prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in young Singaporean Chinese children. METHODS. Enrolled in the study were 3009 Singaporean children, aged 6 to 72 months. All underwent complete eye examinations and cycloplegic refraction. Visual acuity (VA) was measured with a logMAR chart when possible and the Sheridan-Gardner test when(More)