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Receptors have well-conserved regions that are recognized and activated by hormones and neurotransmitters. Most drugs bind to these sites and mimic or block the action of the native ligands. Using a high-throughput functional screen, we identified a potent and selective M(1) muscarinic receptor agonist from a novel structural class. Using a series of(More)
The rearrangement of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes in lymphocytes by V(D)J recombinase is essential for immunological diversity in humans. These DNA rearrangements involve cleavage by the RAG1 and RAG2 (RAG1/2) recombinase enzymes at recombination signal sequences (RSS). This reaction generates two products, cleaved signal ends and(More)
The structural basis for the phosphoryla- tion-dependent regulation of smooth muscle myosin ATPase activity was investigated by forming two- dimensional (2-D) crystalline arrays of expressed unphosphorylated and thiophosphorylated smooth muscle heavy meromyosin (HMM) on positively charged lipid monolayers. A comparison of averaged 2-D projections of both(More)
The V(D)J recombinase enzyme complex is responsible for the development of a diverse immune system by catalyzing intra-molecular rearrangements of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T cell receptor (TCR) genes at specific recombination signal sequences (RSSs). This enzyme complex has also been implicated in mediating pathologic and non-pathologic intra- and(More)
V(D)J recombinase mediates rearrangements at immune loci and cryptic recombination signal sequences (cRSS), resulting in a variety of genomic rearrangements in normal lymphocytes and leukemic cells from children and adults. The frequency at which these rearrangements occur and their potential pathologic consequences are developmentally dependent. To gain(More)
The survival rates of children treated for cancer have dramatically increased after the development of standardized multiple-modality treatment protocols. As a result, there is a rapidly growing population of pediatric cancer survivors in which the long-term genotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic intervention is unknown. To study the genotoxic effects of(More)
There is continued controversy as to the sequential steps and mechanism(s) responsible for the in vivo acquisition of multiple mutations during neoplastic transformation. We investigated the in vivo clonality and mutational spectra of hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) mutations in T cells from children with acute lymphocytic leukemia(More)
Serotonergic pathway disturbances have been implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders such as Tourette's syndrome (TS), substance abuse, and depression. In order to search for the presence of an association between these neuropsychiatric disorders and particular serotonin receptors isolated from these patients, we have started to analyze the structure of(More)
The development of risk-directed treatment protocols over the last 25 years has resulted in an increase in the survival rates of children treated for cancer. As a consequence, there is a growing population of pediatric cancer survivors in which the long-term genotoxic effects of chemotherapy is unknown. We previously reported that children treated for acute(More)
Ras and rac are each members of the superfamily of monomeric GTPases and both function as molecular switches to link cell-surface signals to intracellular responses. Using a novel assay of cellular proliferation called R-SAT (Receptor Selection and Amplification Technology), we examined the roles of ras and rac in mediating the proliferative responses to a(More)