Terri L. Cravener

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The influence of population density on the growth performance and stress level of Hubbard x Hubbard chicks of equally mixed sex was studied. Six hundred and sixteen birds were housed under .05, .07, .09, or .11 m2 per bird (four replicates per density) from 0 to 7 wk. There were no treatment effects on feed conversion at 6 or 7 wk. Birds housed at .07, .09,(More)
The present study determined the composition and nucleic-acid content of livers obtained from 11-wk-old, broiler-strain pullets infused with pituitary-derived chicken growth hormone (p-cGH) in either a pulsatile (Study 1) or continuous (Study 2) manner for 21 days. Pulsatile p-cGH administration resulted in a decrease in ratios for liver DNA to wet weight(More)
The effect of pulsatile versus continuous intravenous administration of exogenous, pituitary-derived chicken growth hormone (cGH) on growth performance and endocrine/metabolite status of broiler-strain pullets was determined. In a first study, 8-week-old pullets, surgically prepared with intravenous catheters and maintained via a fluid swivel/spring(More)
An artificial neural network was trained to predict the presence or absence of ascites in broiler chickens. The neural network was a three-layer back-propagation neural network with an input layer of 15 neurons (defining 15 physiological variables), a hidden layer of 16 neurons, and an output layer of 2 neurons (the presence or absence of ascites). Male(More)
A Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN) was trained to predict ascites in broilers based on minimally invasive inputs (i.e., physiological factors that do not require the death of the bird). A PNN is a supervised, three-layer, artificial neural network that classifies input patterns (e.g., physiological data) into specific output categories (e.g., ascites or(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral economics and psychology have been applied to altering food choice, but most studies have not measured food intake under free-living conditions. OBJECTIVES To test the effects of a strategy that pairs positive stimuli (ie, stickers and cartoon packaging) with vegetables and presents them as the default snack. DESIGN A randomized(More)
Daily BW velocity (BWV) and acceleration (BWA) of individual birds have been demonstrated to be oscillatory. Daily feed intake velocity (FIV) and acceleration (FIA) were hypothesized to be oscillatory and to have a positive relationship with BWV and BWA, respectively. Forty-eight male broiler chicks were individually caged and provided a commercial starter(More)
An experiment was conducted to compare the responses of young broiler chickens to corn-soybean meal diets supplemented with flaxseed or camelina meal versus a corn-soybean meal control and the factorial effect of 150 mg/kg of Cu supplementation on performance and processing yield. A randomized complete block design with a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement was(More)
Previously, evaluation of the first 2 wk of daily growth velocity with an artificial neural network (ANN) provided an effective noninvasive approach for predicting the susceptibility of broilers to pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS). This study was conducted to define the minimum number of days of growth data and the type of ANN required for the best(More)
Artificial neural networks (ANN) were trained to predict the amino acid (AA) profile of feed ingredients. The ANN more effectively identified the complex relationship between nutrients and feed ingredients than linear regression (LR). Three types of ANN (NeuroShell 2): three-layer backpropagation (BP3), Ward Backpropagation (WBP), a general regression(More)