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Parkinson's disease is characterized by the progressive degeneration of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Several studies have examined the effects of the dopaminergic neurotrophins growth/differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) on these neurons in vitro. However, there is little information regarding their(More)
Transplantation of embryonic nigral grafts into the striatum of Parkinson's disease patients is not optimal, mainly due to low survival of grafted neurones. Current strategies focus on enhancing neuronal survival by transplanting enriched neuronal cell populations. There is growing evidence for the importance of astroglia in neuronal survival.To(More)
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