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Neuromedin U (NMU) is a neuropeptide with potent activity on smooth muscle which was isolated first from porcine spinal cord and later from other species. It is widely distributed in the gut and central nervous system. Peripheral activities of NMU include stimulation of smooth muscle, increase of blood pressure, alteration of ion transport in the gut,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating movement disorder that afflicts >1 million people in North America. Current treatments focused on dopamine-replacement strategies ultimately fail in most patients because of loss of efficacy and severe adverse effects that worsen as the disease progresses. The recent success of surgical approaches suggests that a(More)
The two mammalian neuropeptides NPFF and NPAF have been shown to have important roles in nociception, anxiety, learning and memory, and cardiovascular reflex. Two receptors (FF1 and FF2) have been molecularly identified for NPFF and NPAF. We have now characterized a novel gene designated NPVF that encodes two neuropeptides highly similar to NPFF. NPVF mRNA(More)
We have isolated and determined the coding sequences of human and mouse orthologs of the rat orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR54. Mouse and rat GPR54 are nearly 95% identical to each other, and both are approximately 85% identical to human GPR54 at the amino acid level. Screening of agonists for GPR54 identified several invertebrate neuropeptides of the(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a 19-aa cyclic neuropeptide originally isolated from chum salmon pituitaries. Besides its effects on the aggregation of melanophores in fish several lines of evidence suggest that in mammals MCH functions as a regulator of energy homeostasis. Recently, several groups reported the identification of an orphan G(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a neuropeptide with potent cardiovascular effects. Its sequence is strongly conserved among different species and has structural similarity to somatostatin. No receptor for UII has been molecularly identified from any species so far. GPR14 was cloned as an orphan G protein-coupled receptor with similarity to members of the(More)
G protein-coupled receptors are commonly thought to bind their cognate ligands and elicit functional responses primarily as monomeric receptors. In studying the recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid, type B (GABAB) receptor (gb1a) and a GABAB-like orphan receptor (gb2), we observed that both receptors are functionally inactive when expressed individually in(More)
Drugs targeting insomnia ideally promote sleep throughout the night, maintain normal sleep architecture, and are devoid of residual effects associated with morning sedation. These features of an ideal compound are not only dependent upon pharmacokinetics, receptor binding kinetics, potency and pharmacodynamic activity, but also upon a compound’s mechanism(More)
A series of 3-substituted aminocyclopentanes has been identified as highly potent and selective NR2B receptor antagonists. Incorporation of a 1,2,4-oxadiazole linker and substitution of the pendant phenyl ring led to the discovery of orally bioavailable analogues that showed efficient NR2B receptor occupancy in rats. Unlike nonselective NMDA antagonists,(More)
Identification of novel nuclear receptors based on the highly conserved DNA-binding domain (DBD) has previously depended mainly on low stringency hybridization of cDNA libraries and degenerate PCR. Establishment of the expressed sequence tag (EST) database in recent years has provided an alternative approach for the discovery of novel members of gene(More)