Terrence P Clark

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Canine separation anxiety is a common behavioral problem presented to veterinarians. Associated behaviors are distressing to both dog and owner, have the potential to disrupt the human-companion animal bond, and may lead to euthanasia. The results of this study demonstrate the clinical efficacy and safety of Reconcile (fluoxetine, 1 to 2 mg/kg/day [0.45 to(More)
The alpha2-adrenergic receptor antagonists, yohimbine, atipamezole and tolazoline, are used in veterinary medicine as reversal agents for the sedative/hypnotic effects of alpha2-agonists. Ruminants have increased sensitivity to the sedative/hypnotic effects of alpha2-agonists compared to other species. The receptors mediating the sedative effects of(More)
Application of transdermal drugs to different anatomical sites can result in different absorption characteristics. The pharmacokinetics (PKs) and bioequivalence of a single 2.6 mg/kg (50 μL/kg) dose of a novel, long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution were determined when applied topically to the ventral abdominal or dorsal interscapular skin of 40 healthy(More)
Opioid overdose in dogs is manifested by clinical signs such as excessive sedation, bradycardia, and hypothermia. The ability of two different intramuscular (i.m.) naloxone reversal regimens to reverse the opioid-induced effects of a fivefold overdose of long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution was evaluated in dogs. Twenty-four healthy Beagles were(More)
A novel, transdermal fentanyl solution (TFS) was developed that delivers sustained concentrations of fentanyl for days following a single application. The pharmacokinetics following a single topical dose was examined. Eighteen adult Beagle dogs were divided into three groups of six dogs (3M, 3F). Each group was administered a single dose of 1.3 (25), 2.6(More)
A prospective, double-blinded, positive-controlled, multicenter, noninferiority clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution (TFS) for the control of postoperative pain. Four hundred forty-five client-owned dogs of various breeds were randomly assigned to receive a single dose of TFS(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that a single, topical application of a novel, long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution provides analgesic fentanyl concentrations for at least 4 days. The objective of this study was to describe the margin of safety following application at multiples of the therapeutic dose. Twenty-four laboratory dogs were administered(More)
A novel, long-acting transdermal fentanyl solution (TFS) that delivers sustained plasma fentanyl concentrations following a single application for the control of postoperative pain has recently been approved for use in dogs. The pharmacokinetics (PKs) of this formulation have been evaluated in healthy laboratory dogs, but they have not been reported in a(More)
Over the past decade, there have been several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) introduced in veterinary medicine with an increased gastrointestinal safety profile consistent with a cyclooxygenase (COX)-1-sparing effect. More recently, an NSAID with additional 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity has also been approved for use. Although it is(More)
Hypothyroidism in dogs usually results from a progressive destruction of the thyroid, associated with either lymphocytic thyroiditis or idiopathic atrophy. Both syndromes seem to occur with approximately equal frequency. Lymphocytic thyroiditis, which resembles Hashimoto's thyroiditis in humans, is probably an autoimmune disease, and patients often show(More)