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BACKGROUND Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have greater risk of conversion to Alzheimer disease (AD). Increased brain amyloid burden in AD and MCI has been demonstrated with PET using [(11)C] Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) as a tracer. OBJECTIVE To evaluate change in β-amyloid deposition in with MCI during 2-year follow-up. METHODS(More)
We evaluated the association of HSV-1, HHV-6, and VZV with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Brain specimens for viral DNA polymerase chain reaction represented 34 patients with AD, 40 with PD, and 40 controls. One AD patient (2.9%) was positive for HSV-1 DNA, 88.2% for HHV-6 DNA, and 26.5% for VZV DNA; 17.5% of PD patients were HSV-1(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of this study was to test the validity of the Finnish version of the Internet Addiction Test and the correlates of harmful use of the Internet. METHODS One thousand eight hundred and twenty-five students (45.5% men and 54.5% women, mean age 24.7 years, S.D.=5.7) filled in a web-based questionnaire including IAT, reasons for use(More)
BACKGROUND Early stage patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) show cognitive impairment in frontal lobe functions and memory tests. Hippocampal atrophy is seen in medicated patients with advanced PD. OBJECTIVES To examine whether prefrontal or hippocampal atrophy are already present in early stage PD, and whether such atrophy is associated with cognitive(More)
Thirty-one drug-naive patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) underwent 6-[18F]fluoro-L-dopa (F-dopa) positron emission tomography (PET) scan at the time of the diagnosis (baseline) and 2 years later in order to investigate F-dopa uptake in striatal and extrastriatal regions during the first years of early PD. Twenty-four healthy controls underwent one(More)
Little is known about the pathophysiology of somatization. The authors' aim was to explore associated factors with somatoform disorders. The authors studied 10 female patients with a diagnosis of somatization disorder or undifferentiated somatoform disorder with no comorbid current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edn) Axis I(More)
Post mortem studies have revealed a loss of dopamine D2 receptors in the temporal lobes in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Moreover, the role of hippocampal D2 receptors on memory performance has been suggested in experimental studies. However, there are no previous in vivo studies on extrastriatal D2 receptors in AD. Our aim was to examine in vivo whether(More)
The C957T (rs6277) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the human dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene (DRD2) affects DRD2 mRNA stability and has been shown to predict striatal DRD2 availability (B(max)/K(D)) in vivo in man. Specifically, the C/C genotype is associated with low striatal DRD2 availability (C/C<C/T<T/T). It is not known, however, whether this(More)
Very little is known about the pathophysiology of somatization disorder. This study was designed to analyze the volumes of some brain structures possibly involved in somatization based on the observation of glucose metabolism of the brain in these patients. We studied 10 female patients with a diagnosis of somatization disorder or undifferentiated(More)
BACKGROUND The high mortality of hip fracture patients is well documented, but sex- and cause-specific mortality after hip fracture has not been extensively studied. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate mortality and cause of death in patients after hip fracture surgery and to compare their mortality and cause of death to those in the general(More)