Terezie Pelikánová

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Metabolic syndrome represents a cluster of clinical, biochemical and humoral abnormalities associated with impaired insulin action in glucose metabolism. In the literature also the term syndrome of insulin resistance, dysmetabolic syndrome X, Reaven syndrome or Kaplans dead quartet can be found. Hyperinsulinaemia, central obesity, essential hypertension,(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to compare the effects of calorie-restricted vegetarian and conventional diabetic diets alone and in combination with exercise on insulin resistance, visceral fat and oxidative stress markers in subjects with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS A 24-week, randomized, open, parallel design was used. Seventy-four patients with Type 2(More)
Relationships have been demonstrated between insulin sensitivity and the fatty acid (FA) composition of serum and tissue lipids in adult humans. The present study aimed to investigate the above relationships in different groups of type 2 diabetic patients (DM2). The FA composition of serum phospholipids (S-PL) measured by gas liquid chromatography and(More)
The metabolic effects of a 3-week dietary supplement of a fish oil concentrate was examined in mildly obese, normotriglyceridemic men with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with hypoglycemic agents (n = 20). Patients were randomized into two groups, receiving 15 ml per day of fish oil (Martens Oil, Norway) containing 3.1 g of omega-3(More)
We examined insulin sensitivity and secretion, together with the levels of selected glucoregulatory hormones, in 15 female patients with severe hypothyroidism (H) and during subsequent thyroid hormone replacement therapy (HRT) using the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp technique. Insulin action, as evaluated by glucose disposal, the insulin sensitivity(More)
BACKGROUND Humalog Mix75/25 (Mix75/25) is a novel premixed insulin containing 75% neutral protamine lispro (an intermediate-acting insulin) and 25% insulin lispro. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare glycemic control and hypoglycemia rates with Mix75/25 versus glyburide, and with preprandial versus postprandial Mix75/25, in patients aged 60(More)
In order to decide whether the phospholipid fatty acid pattern is related to variables determining glucose tolerance, 11 healthy volunteers with normal glucose tolerance were studied. The relationship was evaluated between the proportions of individual fatty acids (FA) in serum phospholipids and (1) insulin secretion, determined by fasting and postglucose(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of a lifestyle intervention program on β-cell function and to explore the role of gastrointestinal peptides in subjects with T2D. METHODS Subjects with T2D (n=74) received 24 weeks of intervention: 12 weeks of slimming diet (-500 kcal/day) and the subsequent 12 weeks of diet were combined with(More)
The fatty acid (FA) composition of serum lipids and erythrocytes was studied in 21 men with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and in 14 normal subjects matched for age, sex, body weight, and dietary intake. Lower levels of linoleic acid and higher levels of highly unsaturated FA (daughter) of n-3 and n-6 family FA, reflected in a higher(More)
The metabolic effect of 3-week dietary supplementation with a fish oil concentrate was examined in not markedly obese, not hypertriglyceridemic men with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with hypoglycemic agents. Ten patients were given 15 ml/d of fish oil (Martens Oil, Norway) equivalent to 3.1 g of n-3 fatty acid (FA) per day, and(More)