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In preclinical studies, [R-(+)-alpha-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]-4- piperidinemethanol] [formula: see text] (MDL 100,907), a putative atypical antipsychotic, was characterized in vitro as a potent and selective ligand for the serotonin2A (5-HT2A) receptor and was evaluated in vitro and in vivo as a potent 5-HT2A receptor antagonist.(More)
Increasing evidence suggests an important role of 5-HT, and 5-HT2A receptors in particular, in the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia. The prepulse inhibition paradigm is used as a model for sensorimotor gating processes that are disrupted in schizophrenia. The present study used the selective serotonin2A (5-HT2A) antagonist and putative antipsychotic(More)
(+/-)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) releases dopamine and serotonin in vivo and stimulates locomotor activity. Previous work demonstrated that MDMA-stimulated dopamine release could be reduced by the selective 5-HT2A receptor antagonist [R-(+)-a- (2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenylethyl)]-4-piperidinem ethanol] (MDL 100,907). In the present(More)
CRF(1) receptor antagonists have been proposed as novel pharmacological treatments for depression, anxiety and stress disorders. The primary goal of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the CRF(1) receptor antagonist, CP 154,526, in the separation-induced vocalization (SIV) model of anxiety. Nine- to 11-day-old rat pups were separated from their(More)
MDL 105,519, (E)-3-(2-phenyl-2-carboxyethenyl)-4,6-dichloro-1 H-indole-2-carboxylic acid, is a potent and selective inhibitor of [3H]glycine binding to the NMDA receptor. MDL 105,519 inhibits NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate)-dependent responses including elevations of [3H]N-[1,(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]-piperidine ([3H]TCP) binding in brain membranes, cyclic GMP(More)
Pre-weaning rat pups emit ultrasonic vocalizations when removed from the litter. These 'separation-induced vocalizations' (SIV) are suppressed by classical benzodiazepine anxiolytics and by non-benzodiazepine anxiolytics which lack muscle relaxant and sedative properties. The present study used the SIV model to assess potential anxiolytic properties of(More)
The compound 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,4-dihydro-4-ethyl-3H-1,2,4-triazol-3-one (MDL 27,192) was evaluated in a variety of rodent models to assess its anticonvulsant profile and its potential neuroprotective activity. MDL 27,192 demonstrated anticonvulsant activity in a wide range of epilepsy models that are genetically-based (audiogenic seizures in the seizure(More)
Buspirone has been introduced as a novel non-benzodiazepine anti-anxiety agent. The Conditioned Suppression of Drinking (CSD) paradigm is an "animal model" for anxiety which provides information on both the relative potency and relative efficacy of anti-conflict agents. The present study compared the anti-conflict effects of buspirone to those of more(More)
The substituted amphetamines 4-chloroamphetamine (PCA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and fenfluramine (FEN) share the common neurochemical action of acutely releasing central serotonin (5-HT), and yet their behavioral effects are quite different. The present study evaluated the effects of these compounds on acoustic and tactile startle reflexes.(More)