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BACKGROUND Conversion to total extracardiac cavopulmonary anastomosis is an option for managing patients with dysfunction of a prior Fontan connection. METHODS Thirty-one patients (19.9 +/- 8.8 years) underwent revision of a previous Fontan connection to total extracardiac cavopulmonary anastomosis at four institutions. Complications of the previous(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral regional oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) measured with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has a well-proven clinical utility. A goal-oriented treatment based on the rSO(2) resulted in a significant reduction in major morbidity and in a shortening of postoperative hospital stay in patients undergoing coronary revascularization. In this study,(More)
INTRODUCTION Central venous oxygen saturation and blood lactate are different indices of the adequacy of oxygen delivery to the oxygen needs. In pediatric cardiac surgery, lactate level and kinetics during and after cardiopulmonary bypass are associated with outcome variables. The aim of this study was to explore the hypothesis that the lowest central(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic-reperfusion injury of the brain is a major adverse event after cardiac surgery, especially when extracorporeal circuits are used. Because brain injury induces local overproduction of activin A, we measured plasma concentrations in children after open heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to investigate the potential of(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass in newborns, infants and small children often requires intraoperative red blood cell transfusions to prime the circuit and oxygenator and to replace blood lost during surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of red blood cell storage time prior to transfusion on(More)
BACKGROUND Many novel techniques have been described for "minimally invasive" congenital cardiac operations to achieve an improved cosmetic result. There is little information on incorporation of such techniques into fast-track congenital heart operations. METHODS We have developed an approach to fast-track congenital heart operations, which includes a(More)
BACKGROUND After a modified Fontan procedure with atriopulmonary or atrioventricular conduit, some patients present stress intolerance, supraventricular arrhythmia, recurrent pleuropericardial or ascitic effusions, and protein-losing enteropathy, all of which are signs that the previous procedure has failed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the midterm(More)
OBJECTIVE Mixed venous oxygen saturation and central venous oxygen saturation are considered possible indicators of the adequacy of oxygen delivery with respect to the oxygen needs of critically ill adult and pediatric patients. The present study was aimed at validating the accuracy of a new technology (Pediasat central venous catheter) in providing a(More)
BACKGROUND Brain injury is a major adverse event after cardiac surgery, especially when extracorporeal circuits are used. We evaluated whether cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) affects cerebrovascular resistance and plasma concentrations of adrenomedullin (AM), a vasoactive peptide regulating cerebral blood flow. METHODS We evaluated 50 infants (age <1 year)(More)
BACKGROUND The ultimate goal of surgical therapy for pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries is to create unobstructed and separate in series pulmonary and systemic circuits. Our preference has been a 1-stage complete unifocalization technique, avoiding collateral anastomosis with either the native(More)
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