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In nature, cellulose, lignocellulose and lignin are major sources of plant biomass; therefore, their recycling is indispensable for the carbon cycle. Each polymer is degraded by a variety of microorganisms which produce a battery of enzymes that work synergically. In the near future, processes that use lignocellulolytic enzymes or are based on(More)
In addition to excreting lignin-degrading peroxidases, the white rot fungus Phanerochaete flavido-alba also excretes a laccase. This protein was purified to homogeneity and found to have a molecular weight of 94,000 and an isoelectric point lower than 3.55. Its UV-visible spectrum is typical of copper-containing proteins.
Semisolid olive-mill residues, pine chips, and mixtures of both residues contain phytotoxic components capable of inhibiting germination and vegetative growth in plants. Solid-state cultures of Phanerochate flavido-alba on pine chips or mixtures of both residues reduce these phytotoxic effects in fermented substrates. The phenol and lipid contents in(More)
We investigated the expression of Phanerochaete flavido-alba laccase gene in Aspergillus niger and the physical and biochemical properties of the recombinant enzyme (rLac-LPFA) in order to test it for synthetic dye biotransformation. A. niger was able to produce high levels of active recombinant enzyme (30 mgL(-1)), whose identity was further confirmed by(More)
Our previous results have demonstrated that Phanerochaete flavido-alba decoloration, dephenolization and detoxification of olive oil mill wastewater (OMW) were associated with changes in the ligninolytic major exoenzymes accumulated in the cultures. This paper describes the effect of the two main OMW components (monomeric aromatic compounds and a major(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii ATCC 12837 cultured in dialysed soil medium with addition of 0.5% glucose showed four distinct morphological cell types: large cells, precyst forms, mature cysts and filterable corpuscles (0.3 micron in diameter). These results indicate that Azotobacter is a bacterium with a complex life cycle under certain culture conditions.(More)
Phanerochaete flavido-alba is able to remove simple and polymeric phenols from the recalcitrant wastes of the olive oil industry, in a process in which a laccase is involved. This report describes the characterization of a laccase produced by P. flavido-alba and induced by vanillin. Although the amino acid composition of the purified enzyme is typical for(More)
The fungus Phanerochaete flavido-alba is highly efficient in the oxidation of olive oil wastewater-derived polyphenols. This capability is largely due to the action of a multicopper-oxidase (MCO), encoded by the pfaL gene. We describe the sequence and organization of pfaL gene and the biochemical characterization and predicted 3D structural model of the(More)
Phanerochaete flavido-alba is able to decolorize and detoxify olive oil wastewater (OMW) in a process in which simple and polymeric phenols are removed. An unusual acidic MnP is accumulated during the degradation course. This microorganism produces two families of MnPs. MnP1 has an apparent molecular weight of 45 kDa and is secreted as a mixture of(More)
Antibacterial diffusion tests (against Bacillus megaterium) detected both bacterial growth-promoting and growth-inhibiting components in olive mill waste-water (OMW). Mixtures of OMW aromatic components showed antibacterial effects that did not show antibacterial activity when tested as individual compounds. Strains of white rot fungi (WRF) producing(More)