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The use of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) in research is increasing and hESCs hold the promise for many biological, clinical and toxicological studies. Human ESCs are expected to be chromosomally stable since karyotypic changes represent a pitfall for potential future applications. Recently, several studies have analysed the genomic stability of several(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported the in vitro spontaneous transformation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) generating a population with tumorigenic potential, that we termed transformed mesenchymal cells (TMC). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Here we have characterized the molecular changes associated with TMC generation. Using microarrays techniques(More)
Carcinomas are widely thought to derive from epithelial cells with malignant progression often associated with an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We have characterized tumors generated by spontaneously transformed human mesenchymal cells (TMC) previously obtained in our laboratory. Immunohistopathological analyses identified these tumors as poorly(More)
A paracrine regulation was recently proposed in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) grown in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF)-conditioned media (MEF-CM), where hESCs spontaneously differentiate into autologous fibroblast-like cells to maintain culture homeostasis by producing TGF-beta and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) in response to basic fibroblast(More)
The prokaryotic beta serine recombinase (beta-rec) catalyzes site-specific recombination between two directly oriented six sites (93 bp) in mammalian cells, both in episomal and in chromosomally integrated substrates. The beta-rec/six exclusive intramolecular site-specific recombination (SSR) system has been proposed as a suitable approach when several(More)
There is growing evidence about the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as cancer stem cells in many sarcomas. Nevertheless, little is still known about the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying MSCs transformation. We aimed at investigating the role of p53 and p21, two important regulators of the cell cycle progression and apoptosis normally(More)
Direct intrathymic injection is a common procedure used in several types of experimental protocols in the mouse. Currently available approaches involve major surgical procedures that expose the thoracic cavity, resulting in an increased risk of poor recovery and postsurgical complications. The authors sought to refine this surgery to reduce animal pain and(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Non-irradiated immunodeficient recipients provide the best physiologic setting for revealing hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) functions after xenotransplantion. An approach that efficiently permits the detection of human hematopoietic repopulating cells in non-irradiated recipients is therefore highly desired. METHODS We compared side-by-side(More)
As the nervous system exerts direct and indirect effects on stem cells mobilization and catecholamines mobilize hematopoietic stem cells, we hypothesized that dopamine might induce mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) mobilization. We show that dopamine induced in vitro MPCs migration through D2-class receptors, and their alternative phosphoinositide(More)
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