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Directed cell migration and axonal guidance are essential steps in neural development. Both processes are controlled by specific guidance cues that activate the signaling cascades that ultimately control cytoskeletal dynamics. Another essential step in migration and axonal guidance is the regulation of plasmalemma turnover and exocytosis in leading edges(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) has gained importance as a target for the treatment of neuropsychiatric diseases and cognitive disturbances. Therefore, a variety of strategies are currently used to identify POP inhibitors. Here we performed electron microscopy (EM) studies of human POP. Our data reveal for the first time the presence of a new side opening in(More)
The awesome degree of structural diversity accessible in peptide design has created a demand for computational resources that can evaluate a multitude of candidate structures. In our specific case, we translate the peptide design problem to an optimization problem, and use evolutionary computation (EC) in tandem with docking to carry out a combinatorial(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase is a cytosolic serine peptidase that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides at the carboxy terminus. This peptidase has been associated with schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, and related neuropsychiatric disorders, and therefore may have important clinical implications. Among the strategies used to find novel prolyl(More)
Fuc-9 is the mature form of a vacuolar alpha-L-fucosidase enzyme which seems to play an important role in plant growth regulation. Fuc-9 is a 202-residue protein containing five Cys residues located at positions 64, 109, 127, 162 and 169. In this study, the disulfide structure of Fuc-9 was determined by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS), with minimal(More)
Herein we present the design, synthesis, and evaluation of a structurally novel library of 20 peptidyl 3-aryl vinyl sulfones as inhibitors of cathepsins L and B. The building blocks, described here for the first time, were synthesized in a highly efficient and enantioselective manner, starting from 3-aryl-substituted allyl alcohols. The corresponding vinyl(More)
An alpha-L-fucosidase purified from pea (Pisum sativum L. cv Alaska) epicotyl was previously described as a cell wall enzyme of 20 kDa that hydrolyses terminal alpha-L-fucosidic linkages from oligosaccharide fragments of xyloglucan. cDNA and genomic copies were further isolated and sequenced. The predicted product of the cDNA and the genomic clone (fuc1),(More)
The broad inhibitory spectrum of aldehydes and the possibility that amino acid residues modulate their specificity point to the potential of using peptidyl aldehydes as activity-based probes. Here, we establish the potential of peptidyl aldehydes in activity-based proteomics by synthesizing different probes and using them to specifically label a well-known(More)
The implantation of the Yoshida AH-130 ascites hepatoma (a fast growing tumour) to rats resulted in a dramatic loss of both white adipose tissue and muscle (skeletal and cardiac) mass. Administration of beta2-adrenergic agonists to tumour-bearing rats resulted in a partial recovery of skeletal muscle and heart mass. Treatment of the tumour-bearing animals(More)