Learn More
Hardware implementations of spiking neurons can be extremely useful for a large variety of applications, ranging from high-speed modeling of large-scale neural systems to real-time behaving systems, to bidirectional brain-machine interfaces. The specific circuit solutions used to implement silicon neurons depend on the application requirements. In this(More)
In this paper we present a very exciting overlap between emergent nanotechnology and neuroscience, which has been discovered by neuromorphic engineers. Specifically, we are linking one type of memristor nanotechnology devices to the biological synaptic update rule known as spike-time-dependent-plasticity (STDP) found in real biological synapses.(More)
Memristive devices present a new device technology allowing for the realization of compact non-volatile memories. Some of them are already in the process of industrialization. Additionally, they exhibit complex multilevel and plastic behaviors, which make them good candidates for the implementation of artificial synapses in neuromorphic engineering.(More)
This paper describes CAVIAR, a massively parallel hardware implementation of a spike-based sensing-processing-learning-actuating system inspired by the physiology of the nervous system. CAVIAR uses the asychronous address-event representation (AER) communication framework and was developed in the context of a European Union funded project. It has four(More)
—In this paper, we show and validate a reliable circuit design technique based on source voltage shifting for current-mode signal processing down to femtoamperes. The technique involves specific-current extractors and logarithmic current splitters for obtaining on-chip subpicoampere currents. It also uses a special on-chip sawtooth oscillator to monitor and(More)
(STDP) which describes a neuronal synaptic learning mechanism that outperforms the traditional Hebbian synaptic plasticity 12 proposed in 1949. STDP was originally postulated as a computer learning algorithm 5 , and is being used by the machine intelligence and computational neuroscience community 8-11. At the same time its biological and physiological(More)
This paper considers the viability of compact low-resolution low-power mini digital-to-analog converters (mini-DACs) for use in large arrays of neural type cells, where programmable weights are required. Transistors are biased in weak inversion in order to yield small currents and low power consumptions, a necessity when building large size arrays. One(More)
This paper presents a methodology for characterizing the random component of transistor mismatch in CMOS technologies. The methodology is based on the design of a special purpose chip which allows automatic characterization of arrays of NMOS and PMOS transistors of different sizes. Up to 30 different transistor sizes were implemented in the same chip, with(More)