Learn More
Contrast-enhanced MR imaging is the method of choice for routine assessment of brain tumors, but it has limited sensitivity and specificity. We verified if the addition of metabolic, diffusion and hemodynamic information improved the definition of glioma extent and grade. Thirty-one patients with cerebral gliomas (21 high- and 10 low-grade) underwent(More)
The "default-mode" network is an ensemble of cortical regions, which are typically deactivated during demanding cognitive tasks in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Using functional connectivity, this network can be conceptualized and studied as a "stand-alone" function or system. Regardless of the task, independent component analysis(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of proton MR spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) at 3 T in differentiating high- from low-grade gliomas, and tumour from necrosis, oedema or normal tissue. Forty-four patients with brain gliomas and four with meningiomas were retrospectively reviewed. The normalised metabolites choline (nCho), N-acetylaspartate(More)
Objective: To gain insights into the nature and pathogenesis of white matter (WM) abnormalities in PKU. Methods: Thirty-two patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency (21 with early and 11 with late diagnosis and treatment) and 30 healthy controls underwent an integrated clinical, neuroimaging (3.0 T MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion(More)
The discrimination between recurrent glioma and radiation injury is often a challenge on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We verified whether adding and combining proton MR spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) information at 3 Tesla facilitate such discrimination. Twenty-nine(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) provides specific metabolic information not otherwise observable by any other imaging method. 1H-MRS of the brain at 3 T is a new tool in the modern neuroradiological armamentarium whose main advantages, with respect to the well-established and technologically advanced 1.5-T 1H-MRS, include a higher(More)
Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have allowed the evaluation of metabolic, diffusion and hemodynamic features of malignant gliomas. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether such information provided useful, complementary information to conventional MRI for improving the evaluation of glioblastoma extent. Ten patients with(More)
  • Schenck Jf, Dumoulin Cl, +25 authors Pisa
  • 2005
753 certain possible contraindications especially in women during the first three months of pregnancy , patients with falciform anaemia, patients with prostheses and/or fixed or mobile metallic implants, internal metallic and other prostheses, crystalline prostheses and in-trauterine devices. Caution is also required when dealing with claustrophobic(More)
Earlier imaging studies in schizophrenia have reported abnormal amygdala and prefrontal cortex activity during emotion processing. We investigated with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during emotion processing changes in activity of the amygdala and of prefrontal cortex in patients with schizophrenia during 8 weeks of olanzapine treatment.(More)
The D2/AKT1/GSK-3β signaling pathway has been involved in the downstream intracellular effects of dopamine, in the pathophysiology of cognitive deficits and related brain activity in schizophrenia, as well as in response to treatment with antipsychotics. Polymorphisms in the D2 (DRD2 rs1076560) and AKT1 (AKT1 rs1130233) genes have been associated with their(More)