Teresa Pirone

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We have previously provided evidence that amino acid substitutions within the N-terminal portion of the helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) from tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV), in particular at Lys-307, not only affect the aphid transmission activity of HC-Pro but also have a significant effect on TVMV virulence. In the present study amino acids which(More)
Helper component (HC-Pro) is a virus-encoded nonstructural protein required for aphid transmission of potyviruses. In the tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV) polyprotein, HC-Pro represents a 457 residue polypeptide from amino acid position 257 to 713. Previous sequence comparison studies have suggested that mutations of one or two specific amino acid(More)
A nonaphid transmissible (NAT) variant of tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV) was used to test the hypothesis that the viral coat protein (CP) plays a role in determining aphid transmissibility. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences in the coat protein cistron of an aphid transmissible isolate (TVMV-AT) with that of TVMV-NAT revealed a single nucleotide(More)
Specific binding between the coat protein (CP) and the helper component (HC) of the tobacco vein mottling potyvirus (TVMV) was characterized using a protein blotting-overlay protocol. In this in vitro assay, HC interacted with either virions or CP monomers originating from the aphid-transmissible TVMV-AT but not from the non-aphid-transmissible TVMV-NAT.(More)
The RNA genome of tobacco etch potyvirus (TEV) was engineered to express bacterial beta-glucuronidase (GUS) fused to the virus helper component proteinase (HC-Pro). It was shown previously that prolonged periods (approximately 1 month) of TEV-GUS propagation in plants resulted in the appearance of spontaneous deletion variants. Nine deletion mutants were(More)
Mutations of K --> E in the highly conserved 'KITC' motif of the potyvirus helper component (HC) protein result in loss of HC function in aphid transmission, presumably because of inability to interact with virions, stylets or both. In this study we show that HC of potato virus C (PVC), a naturally occurring variant of potato virus Y (PVY) that has the K(More)
The va gene is used in commercial Burley tobacco cultivars including cv TN 86 to confer resistance to tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV) and, to some extent, other potyviruses. A naturally occurring strain of TVMV (TVMV-S), which overcomes this resistance, was isolated from TN 86 plants. To investigate the mechanism by which TVMV-S overcomes va gene(More)
Amino acids near the N terminus of the coat protein of tobacco vein mottling virus were deleted or altered by site-directed mutagenesis to determine the effect on aphid transmissibility of the virus. Deletion of a three amino acid sequence Asp-Ala-Gly, which is conserved in aphid-transmissible potyvirus isolates, abolished transmission. The mutation(More)
Previous work with tobacco vein mottling virus (TVMV) has established that a highly conserved three amino acid motif, asp-ala-gly (DAG), located near the N terminus of the coat protein (CP), is important for aphid transmission. However, several other potyviruses which have motifs other than DAG are aphid-transmissible. Creation of these motifs in TVMV(More)
Antibodies raised against the 42K non-structural P3 protein encoded by the RNA genome of a potyvirus (tobacco vein mottling virus, TVMV) have been used with immunogold labelling procedures to determine the subcellular location of P3 in infected Nicotiana tabacum cells. P3-specific gold label was found almost exclusively associated with the cylindrical(More)