Teresa Pagés

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This study aimed to determine whether brief hypoxic stimuli in a hypobaric chamber are able to elicit erythropoietin (EPO) secretion, and to effectively stimulate erythropoiesis in the short term. In two different experiments, a set of haematological, biochemical, haemorheological, aerobic performance, and medical tests were performed in two groups of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of a very short intermittent exposure to moderate hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber on aerobic performance capacity at sea level and the erythropoietic response. The effects of hypobaric hypoxia alone and combined with low-intensity exercise were also compared. METHODS Seventeen members of three(More)
We examined the effects of the 5-phosphodiesterase (5-PDE) inhibitor sildenafil on pulmonary arterial pressure and some oxygen transport and cardiopulmonary parameters in humans during exposure to hypobaric hypoxia at rest and after exercise. In a double-blind study, 100 mg sildenafil or placebo was administered orally to 14 healthy volunteers 45 min before(More)
OBJECTIVE Programs of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) exposure are used to raise hemoglobin concentration and erythrocyte mass. Although acclimation response increases blood oxygen transport capacity leading to a VO(2max) increase, the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) might determine the behavior of erythrocytes and plasma, thus causing a worse(More)
OBJECTIVE With the ultimate goal of finding a straightforward protocol for acclimatization at simulated altitude, we evaluated the early effects of repeated short-term exposure to hypobaric hypoxia on the respiratory response to exercise in hypoxia. METHODS Nine subjects were exposed to a simulated altitude of 5000 m for 2 hours a day for 14 days.(More)
Seven well-trained male long-distance runners were studied during a 100-km road race. Hematologic parameters, plasma electrolytes, glucose, lactate, urea, and creatinine content in plasma and the activity of the enzymes gamma-glutamyltransferase and creatinine kinase were determined before and after the race. A slight increase in hematocrit was found after(More)
Three groups of sedentary male rats were exposed to intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) for 22 days (4 h/day, 5 days/week) in a hypobaric chamber at a simulated altitude of 5,000 m. Tibialis anterior (TA) and diaphragm (DG) were removed at the end of the programme (H group), and 20 or 40 days later (P20 and P40 groups). A control group (C) was maintained(More)
Oxygen stores available for aerobic diving were studied in the freshwater turtle (Mauremys caspica leprosa) at three constant body temperatures (15 degrees, 25 degrees, and 35 degrees C) and during the thermal transient (30 degrees-15 degrees C) induced by immersion in cold water. The term "aerobic dive limit" has been defined as the maximal duration of the(More)
The physiological responses to short-term intermittent exposure to hypoxia in a hypobaric chamber were evaluated. The exposure to hypoxia was compatible with normal daily activity. The ability of the hypoxia program to induce hematological and ventilatory adaptations leading to altitude acclimation and to improve physical performance capacity was tested.(More)
The effect of acute hypoxia on blood concentration of ammonia ([NH3]b) and lactate ([la−]b) was studied during incremental exercise (IE), and two-step constant workload exercises (CE). Fourteen endurance-trained subjects performed incremental exercise on a cycle ergometer under normoxic (21% O2) and hypoxic (10.4% O2) conditions. Eight endurance-trained(More)