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Using array comparative genome hybridisation (CGH) 41 de novo reciprocal translocations and 18 de novo complex chromosome rearrangements (CCRs) were screened. All cases had been interpreted as "balanced" by conventional cytogenetics. In all, 27 cases of reciprocal translocations were detected in patients with an abnormal phenotype, and after array CGH(More)
Jacobsen syndrome is caused by segmental aneusomy for the distal end of the long arm of chromosome 11. Typical features include mild to moderate psychomotor retardation, trigonocephaly, facial dysmorphism, cardiac defects, and thrombocytopenia, though none of these features are invariably present. To define the critical regions responsible for these(More)
Congenital heart defects comprise the most common form of major birth defects, affecting 0.7% of all newborn infants. Jacobsen syndrome (11q-) is a rare chromosomal disorder caused by deletions in distal 11q. We have previously determined that a wide spectrum of the most common congenital heart defects occur in 11q-, including an unprecedented high(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Ring chromosomes are often associated with abnormal phenotypes because of loss of genomic material at one or both ends. In some cases no deletion has been detected and the abnormal phenotype has been attributed to mitotic ring instability. We investigated 33 different ring chromosomes in patients with phenotypic abnormalities by array(More)
The fragile site FRA11B has been localized to the p(CCG)n repeat of the CBL2 proto-oncogene. A proportion of Jacobsen (11q-) syndrome patients inherited a chromosome carrying a CBL2 p(CCG)n expansion, which was truncated close to FRA11B. These results have broad implications for the role of p(CCG)n repeat expansion in the aetiology of genetic disease(More)
We performed a prospective study of 110 patients (75 not previously published) with the 11q terminal deletion disorder (previously called Jacobsen syndrome), diagnosed by karyotype. All the patients have multiple dysmorphic features. Nearly all the patients (94%) have Paris-Trousseau syndrome characterized by thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction. In(More)
BACKGROUND Kabuki syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome) is a rare, multiple congenital anomalies/mental retardation syndrome characterized by a peculiar face, short stature, skeletal, visceral and dermatoglyphic abnormalities, cardiac anomalies, and immunological defects. Recently mutations in the histone methyl transferase MLL2 gene have been identified as(More)
Down's syndrome (DS) is associated with several defects of both specific and non-specific immunity which may explain the enhanced susceptibility of DS subjects to viral and bacterial infections. In this study we have evaluated the effects of the new synthetic immunomodulator pidotimod in recurrent infections of the upper respiratory tract in a group of(More)
BACKGROUND Immunodeficiency, centromeric instability and facial dysmorphism (ICF syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterised by facial dysmorphism, immunoglobulin deficiency and branching of chromosomes 1, 9 and 16 after PHA stimulation of lymphocytes. Hypomethylation of DNA of a small fraction of the genome is an unusual feature of ICF(More)
We have studied a group of 349 institutionalized propositi with mental retardation, and found 12 fra(X)-positive cases among 155 males (7.7%) and 8 fra(X)-positive cases among 194 females (4.1%). The males had characteristic manifestations of the Martin-Bell syndrome. Another 7 males, who were initially considered "borderline", having expression of fra(X)(More)