Teresa M Fonovich de Schroeder

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Amphibians are good bioindicators of environmental pollution due to their susceptibility to chemicals during their freshwater cycles. The effects of environmental pollution, together with changes in human activity and climate, have contributed to the reduction in the amphibian population over recent decades. However, toxicological research on amphibians has(More)
Carbachol treatment in Bufo arenarum oocytes decreases the radioactivity in [32P]PIP2 in the following 20 min after stimulation and increases the [3H]glycerol labeling of 1,2-DAG at 1 min of stimulation. On the contrary, in Dieldrin treated oocytes carbachol stimulation produces an increase in [32P]PIP2 labeling without changes in [3H]1,2-DAG radioactivity.(More)
Dieldrin is a widespread environmental contaminant hazardous to many wildlife species. Some evidence obtained with Bufo arenarum oocytes indicates that Dieldrin decreases the fertilization rate in amphibian oocytes, but little is known about mechanisms by which the pesticide affects fertilization. Therefore, we investigated the effect of Dieldrin on oocyte(More)
Long-term exposure of aquatic organisms to metals, even those considered micronutrients, may affect their metabolism and produce sublethal effects. We evaluated the effects of long-term exposure of adult amphibian (Bufo arenarum) females to 4 microg/L of Zn(2+) (ZnSO(4) x H(2)O) in Ringer solution on the concentration of Zn and Fe, the activity of the key(More)
The effect of Zn2+ on glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity was monitored in samples from Bufo arenarum toad ovary and alfalfa plants, in the search for a possible new bioindicator able to detect levels of exposure through contaminated soils, and also to elucidate possible similarities between the enzyme from animal and plant tissues. The in(More)
Nitric oxide synthase activity was measured in Langerhans islets isolated from control and streptozotocin diabetic rats. The activity of the enzyme was linear up to 150 micrograms of protein from control rats and was optimal at 0.1 microM calcium, when it was measured after 45 min of incubation at 37 degrees C in the presence of 200 microM arginine.(More)
The storage of Bufo arenarum oocytes decreased their ability to become fertilized "in vitro". The stimulation with carbachol of "young oocytes" showed a persistent hydrolysis with phosphatidylinositol 4,5 diphosphate (PIP2) while in "aged oocytes" both phosphatidylinositol 4 phosphate (PIP) and PIP2 were hydrolyzed at a non-significant level. These results(More)
1. Dejellied Bufo arenarum oocytes can be fertilized in Ringer-Phosphate buffer with the same efficiency as jellied (control) oocytes. 2. Ringer-Phosphate buffer at pH = 7.4 not only provides buffering capacity but also the delta pH necessary for the acrosomal reaction. 3. The use of Ringer-TRIS buffer at pH = 7.4 does not render as good as Ringer-Phosphate(More)
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