Learn More
In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, glucose concentrations below a certain threshold trigger the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) signal transduction pathway and promote increased transcription of Atf1-dependent genes coding for the general stress response. Removal of glucose specifically induces the nuclear accumulation of green fluorescent protein-labeled(More)
Cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe disrupted in the tps1+ gene, which encodes trehalose-6P synthase, were unable to increase trehalase activity in response to the addition of glucose or nitrogen source. Moreover, in contrast to normal cells, Deltatps1 cells did not increase trehalase activity by heat shock. Overexpression of tps1+ in cells devoid of(More)
We have characterized an open reading frame of 2,454 bp on chromosome I of Schizosaccharomyces pombe as the gene encoding trehalose-6P phosphatase (tpp1(+)). Disruption of tpp1(+) caused in vivo accumulation of trehalose-6P upon heat shock and prevented cell growth at 37 to 40 degrees C. Accumulation of trehalose-6P in cells bearing a chromosomal disruption(More)
Fission yeast mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1p is involved in morphogenesis, cytokinesis, and ion homeostasis as part of the cell integrity pathway, and it becomes activated under multiple stresses, including hyper- or hypotonic conditions, glucose deprivation, cell wall-damaging compounds, and oxidative stress. The only protein phosphatase(More)
Exposure of cells of Schizosaccharomyces pombe to heat shock or osmotic upshift results in an increased level of neutral trehalase activity, which is responsible for hydrolysis of intracellular trehalose. We constructed S. pombe mutants lacking neutral trehalase activity by gene replacement at the newly defined ntp1+ locus. Analysis of these mutants(More)
Four different mycotoxins (patulin, T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol and roquefortine) were used to study growth inhibitory effects on a melanin precursor overproducer mutant of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila. This strain is especially sensitive to diacetoxyscirpenol and T-2 toxin. The secretion capacity of melanin precursors into the culture medium by(More)
In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe the Wak1p/Win1p-Wis1p-Sty1p stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) pathway relays environmental signals to the transcriptional machinery and modulates gene expression via a cascade of protein phosphorylation. Cells of S. pombe subjected to cold shock (transfer from 28 degrees C to 15 degrees C) transiently(More)
The fission yeast small GTPase Rho2 regulates morphogenesis and is an upstream activator of the cell integrity pathway, whose key element, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Pmk1, becomes activated by multiple environmental stimuli and controls several cellular functions. Here we demonstrate that farnesylated Rho2 becomes palmitoylated in vivo at(More)
In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe the cell integrity pathway (CIP) orchestrates multiple biological processes like cell wall maintenance and ionic homeostasis by fine tuning activation of MAPK Pmk1 in response to various environmental conditions. The small GTPase Rho2 positively regulates the CIP through protein kinase C ortholog Pck2. However,(More)