Teresa Kosakowska-Cholody

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Ceramide transfer protein (CERT) functions in the transfer of ceramide from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi. In this study, we show that CERT is an essential gene for mouse development and embryonic survival and, quite strikingly, is critical for mitochondrial integrity. CERT mutant embryos accumulate ceramide in the ER but also mislocalize(More)
The synthesis of novel unsymmetrical bifunctional antitumor agents was accomplished by linking an imidazoacridone moiety to another polycyclic heteroaromatic moiety via linkers of various length and rigidity. These compounds bind to cellular DNA, but it is hypothesized that biological effects become manifested when the drug-DNA complexes interact with(More)
WMC-79 is a synthetic agent with potent activity against colon and hematopoietic tumors. In vitro, the agent is most potent against colon cancer cells that carry the wild-type p53 tumor suppressor gene (HCT-116 and RKO cells: GI50<1 nmol/L, LC50 approximately 40 nmol/L). Growth arrest of HCT-116 and RKO cells occurs at the G1 and G2-M check points at(More)
Drug resistance mediated by ABC transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) continues to be a major impediment to effective cancer chemotherapy. We have developed a panel of highly specific peptide inhibitors of P-gp based on the structure of the transmembrane domains of the transporter. These peptides are thought to exert their inhibitory action by(More)
Irofulven (hydroxymethylacylfulvene) is a novel antitumor drug, which acts by alkylating cellular macromolecular targets. The drug is a potent inducer of apoptosis in various types of tumor cells, whereas it is nonapoptotic in normal cells. This study defined molecular responses to irofulven involving mitochondrial dysfunction and leading to death of(More)
Several bisimidazoacridones (BIA) are potent, selective antineoplastic agents, whereas others have potent anti-human immunodeficiency virus activity. BIA are bifunctional agents that consist of two imidazoacridone (IA) chromophores held together by various linkers. Interaction of BIA with DNA has been postulated to be required for their biological activity.(More)
Unsymmetrical bifunctional antitumor agent WMC79 was further optimized to generate compound 7b that not only inhibited the growth of many tumor cell lines, but caused rapid apoptosis. Unlike the parent compound, 7b is toxic to both p53 positive and negative cancer cells. It has potent in vivo activity against xenografts of human colon and pancreatic tumors(More)
Internalized membrane proteins are either transported to late endosomes and lysosomes for degradation or recycled to the plasma membrane. Although proteins involved in trafficking and sorting have been well studied, far less is known about the lipid molecules that regulate the intracellular trafficking of membrane proteins. We studied the function of(More)
Ceramide transfer protein (CERT) transfers ceramide from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi complex. Its deficiency in mouse leads to embryonic death at E11.5. CERT deficient embryos die from cardiac failure due to defective organogenesis, but not due to ceramide induced apoptotic or necrotic cell death. In the current study we examined the effect(More)
HKH40A (RTA 502), an optimized 8-methoxy analog of the unsymmetrical bifunctional antitumor agent WMC79, was found to be potently active against liver cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Studies on selected human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines with differing p53 status (HepG2, Hep3B, and PLC/PRF/5), revealed that drug-mediated growth(More)