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The effect of six weeks of squat, plyometric and squat-plyo-metric training on power production. Weight training of the thigh muscles using closed vs. open kinetic chain exercises: a comparison of performance enhance ment. Acute and long-term power responses to power training: Observations on the training of an elite power athlete. The load that maximizes(More)
The alterations in morphology and function of the ovarian follicle as it matures, ovulates, and becomes a corpus luteum are dramatic. A variety of steroid and polypeptide hormones influence these processes, and the ovary in turn produces specific hormonal signals for endocrine regulation. One such signal is inhibin, a heterodimeric protein that suppresses(More)
Dicer is the ribonuclease III for synthesis of mature functional microRNAs (miRNAs), which play an important role in regulating cell development. In the mouse ovary, the Dicer1 protein was expressed in both oocyte and granulosa cells of the follicle. In the present study, the role of miRNAs in mouse ovarian development was explored by using Dicer1(More)
Gender inequalities in biomedical research are undermining patient care. In the first of three related pieces, call on journals, funding agencies and researchers to give women parity with men, in studies and in the clinic. I t is 20 years since the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) set up its Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH), and 17 years(More)
Cellular metal ion fluxes are known in alkali and alkaline earth metals but are not well documented in transition metals. Here we describe major changes in the zinc physiology of the mammalian oocyte as it matures and initiates embryonic development. Single-cell elemental analysis of mouse oocytes by synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy (XFM)(More)
Activin-stimulated FSH synthesis and release by the pituitary gonadotrope is antagonized by gonadally derived inhibins. The two isoforms of inhibin, inhibin A and B, bind to the activin type II receptors, though at a lower affinity than the activins, but do not stimulate intracellular signaling. Theoretically, therefore, inhibins can prevent activin(More)
Zinc is essential for many biological processes, including proper functioning of gametes. We recently reported that zinc levels rise by over 50% during oocyte maturation and that attenuation of zinc availability during this period could be achieved using the membrane-permeable heavy metal chelator N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN).(More)
In last few hours of maturation, the mouse oocyte takes up over twenty billion zinc atoms and arrests after the first meiotic division, until fertilization or pharmacological intervention stimulates cell cycle progression toward a new embryo. Using chemical and physical probes, we show that fertilization of the mature, zinc-enriched egg triggers the(More)
The transforming growth factor-B (TGF-B) superfamily of growth factors is responsible for a variety of physiologic actions, including cell cycle regulation. Activin is a member of the TGF-B superfamily that inhibits the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Activin functions by interacting with its type I and type II receptors to induce phosphorylation of(More)
Many of the signal transduction pathways required for mammalian endocrine cell function are conserved from flies and worms. These model organisms permitted the illumination of the biological properties of ligands and provided systems in which cellular coactivating molecules could be identified rapidly. Our knowledge about the activin signaling components(More)