Teresa Iantomasi

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A comprehensive study on GSH metabolism in relation to some markers of oxidative and energy status in rat cerebral cortex as a function of age was performed. Reduced GSH, total GSH and the GSH Redox Index decreased both during growth (defined as the period between 1 and 5 months) and during aging (defined as the period between 5 and 27 months) while GSSG(More)
Intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs)1 are the predominant source of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in gut, and a decrease in glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio, intracellular redox state index, occurs in the ISEMFs of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). The aim of this study is to demonstrate a relationship between MMP-2(More)
BACKGROUND Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid metabolite synthesized after stimulation with growth factors or cytokines. S1P extracellular effects are mediated through specific Gi-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). Recently, we demonstrated in NIH3T3 fibroblasts stimulated by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) or S1P the NADPH oxidase(More)
Intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH), glutathione disulphide (GSSG), glutamic acid and gamma-glutamyl cysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) were measured in lymphoblast lines from patients with familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) and from age-matched controls. Lymphoblasts carrying presenilins (PS) and amyloid precursor protein (APP) genes(More)
Previous data show a relation between GSH content and proliferation of normal and tumour cells. We recently demonstrated a specific involvement of GSH in the autophosphorylation activity of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. In this study we demonstrate that the stimulation by PDGF of serum-starved NIH3T3 cells(More)
The present study characterizes for the first time a GSH specific transporter in a human intestinal epithelial cell line (I407). GSH metabolism is very important for the antioxidant and detoxifying action of intestine and for the maintenance of the luminal thiol-disulfide ratio involved in regulation mechanisms of the protein activity of epithelial cells.(More)
A comprehensive analysis on glutathione metabolism in rat cerebral cortex synaptosomes as a function of age was performed. All different glutathione system components (GSH, GSSG, total GSH, and GSH redox index) changed significantly only during aging. GSH, total GSH, and GSH redox index decreased by about 40%, 24%, and 52%, respectively, while GSSG showed a(More)
Glutathione transport was studied in brush-border membrane vesicles of rabbit small intestine in which gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (EC had been inactivated by a specific affinity-labeling reagent, L-(alpha S,5S)-alpha-amino-3-chloro-4,5-dihydro-5-isoxazoleacetic acid (AT125). Transport of intact [glycine-2-3H]GSH occurred into an osmotically(More)
This study demonstrates for the first time that sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) increases H2O2 production in NIH3T3 fibroblasts through NADPH oxidase activation, confirming the involvement of phosphoinositide-3-kinase and protein kinase C in the activation of this enzyme in non-phagocyte mammalian cells. The results demonstrate also that both platelet-derived(More)
A comprehensive study on glutathione metabolism in rat heart and liver as a function of age was performed. In the heart, reduced glutathione, total glutathione, and the glutathione redox index showed a decrease during aging, while oxidized glutathione levels increased in 5-month-old rats with respect to the young animals and remained quite constant in 14-(More)