Teresa G Tessner

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Prostaglandins are synthesized by cyclooxygenases (COX)-1 and -2. The expression and cellular localization of COX-1 and COX-2 in normal human colon and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) surgical resections were studied. METHODS COX-1 and COX-2 protein expression and cellular localization were assessed by Western blotting and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis is a commonly used model of colonic injury, the mechanism of this model is not understood. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of prostaglandins to the mechanism of DSS-induced epithelial injury. METHODS Mice were treated with 3% DSS in the drinking water for 5(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are important mediators of epithelial integrity and function in the gastrointestinal tract. Relatively little is known, however, about the mechanism by which PGs affect stem cells in the intestine during normal epithelial turnover, or during wound repair. PGs are synthesized from arachidonate by either of two cyclooxygenases,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The bone marrow and the intestine are the major sites of radiation-induced injury. The cellular response to radiation injury in the intestine or bone marrow can be modulated by agents given before irradiation. Lipopolysaccharide is known to be radioprotective in the bone marrow, but its effect on the intestine is not known. We sought to(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis modulates the response to radiation injury in the mouse intestinal epithelium through effects on crypt survival and apoptosis; however, the downstream signaling events have not been elucidated. WT mice receiving 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 (dmPGE2) had fewer apoptotic cells per crypt than untreated mice. Apoptosis in Bax(-/-) mice(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent neutrophil agonist operating through specific receptors located on the cell surface. Binding of PAF to its receptor may also stimulate further PAF synthesis, thus providing a means of amplifying the PAF signal for the cell of origin and/or other responsive cells. In this report we demonstrate that(More)
The multiple drug resistance protein, MDR1, is highly expressed on the apical surface of intestinal epithelial cells. The physiologic substrate of this protein remains unclear. Several studies using compounds known to act as MDR1 inhibitors have suggested that MDR1 may be involved in the transport of cholesterol from the plasma membrane to the endoplasmic(More)
The intestinal cell line I407 responds to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) by upregulating cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA and protein expression and increasing PGE(2) production. bFGF treatment of I407 cells results in phosphorylation of p38, and the p38 inhibitor SB-203580 abrogates bFGF-induced PGE(2) synthesis. Wild-type p38alpha (p38alphaWT) and(More)
The involvement of the ethanolamine-linked phosphoglyceride fraction (PE) in neutrophil signal transduction is suggested by the stimulus-induced release of arachidonic acid from PE (Chilton, F. H., and Connell, T. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 5260-5265) and by the synthesis of acetylated PE species, predominantly(More)
Human neutrophils stimulated by ionophore A23187 incorporate [3H]acetate into platelet-activating factor and an additional product which is chromatographically similar to phosphatidylethanolamine and accounts for approximately 25% of the [3H]acetate-containing lipids. Three general approaches indicated the sn-1 moiety of the unknown phospholipid is(More)